Stipa


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stipa

 

a genus of plants of the family Gramineae. They are primarily perennial herbs with narrow linear and bristle-like blades, which are generally folded lengthwise. The solitary spike-lets are not numerous and are gathered in lax or, less frequently, compressed panicles. There are two lemmas; the inferior flowering glume is hard, with a long awn. There are approximately 300 species, distributed in the temperate, subtropical, and tropical zones of both hemispheres. Many species form the basic elements of the grass cover of steppes, prairies, and pampas; they also grow in meadows that have become steppe and on dry slopes and cliffs. In the USSR there are approximately 80 species, primarily in the central and southern regions of the European USSR, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and Southern Siberia. Some of the most common species are Stipa lessingiana, feather grass (S. pennata), S. pulcherrima, S. zalesskii, and S. capillata. Many are valuable fodder plants, especially S. lessingiana. Esparto grass (S. tenacissima), which grows in the Mediterranean Region, provides raw material for the paper industry.

REFERENCE

Kormovye rasteniia senokosov i pastbishch SSSR, vol. 1. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The drier soil of the south-facing site supports a limited species and familial diversity, with Stipa sp strongly dominating the vegetation.
Abundance of big sagebrush as well as the common grasses Pun secunda, Agropyron smithii, Koelaria macrantha, Stipa comata and Bouteloua gracilis were approximately equal across the soil types.
It is reported that the structural species in MS was Sibirian filifolium, and the dominant grasses were Stipa baicalensis and Leymus chinensis.
Especially in alpine grassland, the hyperspectral estimation model for pigment content of Stipa purpurea community is rarely reported.
You might go for a statement specimen such as Stipa gigantea (Spanish oat grass), which grows to 2.5 metres and whose flowers turn gold when ripe in summer.
Much as I love Stipa arundinacea for its leaf colour and the clouds of bronze flowers, it does self-seed absolutely everywhere!
The garden above (gdsdesigns.com), for example, looks right at home in front of a traditional house, yet is fresh, modern, and water-wise, with bands of blue Senecio mandraliscae, golden Stipa tenuissima, and 'Big Red' kangaroo paws framing the entry.
"The core values of TruMark Financial as they relate to the community align well with the Philadelphia Union, forming a strong partnership," Richard Stipa, TruMark Financial CEO said.
Kessler (1995, 2006) hace referencia a la vegetacion de los bosques de Polylepis, donde resalta la dominancia de especies arbustivas y herbaceas asociadas a ellas, siendo el caso sobre todo en zonas semihumedas a aridas, donde la estructura de los bosques es relativamente abierta permitiendo el desarrollo de una densa cubierta herbacea (Kessler 2006) corroborando la co-existencia de gramineas de los generos Festuca, Calamagrostis, Stipa y Muhlenbergia, asi como herbaceas o subarbustos de los generos Achyrocline, Baccharis, Bidens, Senecio, Stevia, entre otros.