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Stirling,town (1991 pop. 38,638), Stirling council area, central Scotland, on the Forth River. The center of a large farm district, it has livestock markets and light industries making agricultural machinery, carpets, and meat products (bacon curing). Stirling Castle, on a hill above the town, long rivaled EdinburghEdinburgh
, city (1991 pop. 433,200) and council area, royal burgh, capital of Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. Leith, part of the city since 1920, is Edinburgh's port. The city is famous in Scottish legend and literature as Dunedin or "Auld Reekie.
..... Click the link for more information. as a royal residence. A mighty fortress 420 ft (128 m) above the Forth, it overlooks several famous battlefields, including Stirling Bridge, where William WallaceWallace, Sir William,
1272?–1305, Scottish soldier and national hero. The first historical record of Wallace's activities concerns the burning of Lanark by Wallace and 30 men in May, 1297, and the slaying of the English sheriff, one of those whom Edward I of England had
..... Click the link for more information. routed an English army in 1297, and BannockburnBannockburn
, moor and parish, Stirling, central Scotland, on the Bannock River. Textiles are manufactured in the parish. In 1314 on the moor, a Scottish army of 10,000 led by Robert Bruce routed 23,000 English under Edward II, thus climaxing Robert's struggle for Scottish
..... Click the link for more information. . The castle may have been built in the 12th cent.; it was the birthplace of James II and (probably) James III and James IV. Many assemblies were held in the castle's Parliament House, built by James III. Other points of interest are the Church of the Holy Rude (13th cent.), where Mary Stuart and James IV were crowned as infants, and monuments to Wallace and Robert I (Robert the Bruce). The Univ. of Stirling (1967) is there.
Stirling,council area and former county, Scotland: see StirlingshireStirlingshire
former county, central Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Stirlingshire was divided between the new Central and Strathclyde regions.
..... Click the link for more information. .
a city in Great Britain, in Scotland. Population, 30,000 (1972). Port on the right bank of the Forth River, near the point where the river empties into the Firth of Forth, northeast of Glasgow. Coal is mined near Stirling. The city also has enterprises for the production of agricultural machinery, chemicals, foodstuffs, and construction materials. Stirling has a university (founded 1967).