Stirling


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Stirling,

town (1991 pop. 38,638), Stirling council area, central Scotland, on the Forth River. The center of a large farm district, it has livestock markets and light industries making agricultural machinery, carpets, and meat products (bacon curing). Stirling Castle, on a hill above the town, long rivaled EdinburghEdinburgh
, city (1991 pop. 433,200) and council area, royal burgh, capital of Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. Leith, part of the city since 1920, is Edinburgh's port. The city is famous in Scottish legend and literature as Dunedin or "Auld Reekie.
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 as a royal residence. A mighty fortress 420 ft (128 m) above the Forth, it overlooks several famous battlefields, including Stirling Bridge, where William WallaceWallace, Sir William,
1272?–1305, Scottish soldier and national hero. The first historical record of Wallace's activities concerns the burning of Lanark by Wallace and 30 men in May, 1297, and the slaying of the English sheriff, one of those whom Edward I of England had
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 routed an English army in 1297, and BannockburnBannockburn
, moor and parish, Stirling, central Scotland, on the Bannock River. Textiles are manufactured in the parish. In 1314 on the moor, a Scottish army of 10,000 led by Robert Bruce routed 23,000 English under Edward II, thus climaxing Robert's struggle for Scottish
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. The castle may have been built in the 12th cent.; it was the birthplace of James II and (probably) James III and James IV. Many assemblies were held in the castle's Parliament House, built by James III. Other points of interest are the Church of the Holy Rude (13th cent.), where Mary Stuart and James IV were crowned as infants, and monuments to Wallace and Robert I (Robert the Bruce). The Univ. of Stirling (1967) is there.

Stirling,

council area and former county, Scotland: see StirlingshireStirlingshire
or Stirling,
former county, central Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Stirlingshire was divided between the new Central and Strathclyde regions.
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.

Stirling

 

a city in Great Britain, in Scotland. Population, 30,000 (1972). Port on the right bank of the Forth River, near the point where the river empties into the Firth of Forth, northeast of Glasgow. Coal is mined near Stirling. The city also has enterprises for the production of agricultural machinery, chemicals, foodstuffs, and construction materials. Stirling has a university (founded 1967).

Stirling

1
Sir James. 1926--92, British architect; buildings include the Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart (1977--84)

Stirling

2
1. a city in central Scotland, in Stirling council area on the River Forth: its castle was a regular residence of many Scottish monarchs between the 12th century and 1603. Pop.: 32 673 (2001)
2. a council area of central Scotland, created from part of Central Region in 1996; includes most of the historical county of Stirlingshire: the Forth valley rises to the Grampian Mountains in the N. Administrative centre: Stirling. Pop.: 86 370 (2003 est.). Area: 2173 sq. km (839 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
"From Pioneer's perspective, we knew the stewardship initiatives we wanted to profile had been going on for some time," Stirling recalls.
Mr Stirling stated that there was a "slight problem" and that two coffins and an undertaker would be needed.
Unlike the ubiquitous internal combustion (IC) engine, this Stirling machine, dubbed the Mod IA, uses heat that comes from an external chamber, which has a continuous combustion similar to a household heating furnace.
The multi-award winning Evolution development is located in the Gracemount area of the capital while the consistently popular Stirling Bridge development is part of the dynamically transformed Raploch area of Stirling.
"But this has often been allowed to disguise the fact Stirling's central location and excellent road and rail links make it the ideal place to do business, live and work, or to commute from," Quin continues.
Stirling, with a reputation as a playboy, was a second lieutenant in Egypt in 1941 when he dreamt up the idea while in hospital.
The Canadian Agri-Marketing Association (CAMA) has named Art Stirling the 2001 Agri-Marketer of the Year.
One of the last designs on which James Stirling worked with Michael Wilford shows mastery of place-making and urban design which humanises an otherwise anonymous campus and offers divers internal experiences.