Stirling

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Stirling,

council area and former county, Scotland: see StirlingshireStirlingshire
or Stirling,
former county, central Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Stirlingshire was divided between the new Central and Strathclyde regions.
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.

Stirling,

town (1991 pop. 38,638), Stirling council area, central Scotland, on the Forth River. The center of a large farm district, it has livestock markets and light industries making agricultural machinery, carpets, and meat products (bacon curing). Stirling Castle, on a hill above the town, long rivaled EdinburghEdinburgh
, city (1991 pop. 433,200) and council area, royal burgh, capital of Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. Leith, part of the city since 1920, is Edinburgh's port. The city is famous in Scottish legend and literature as Dunedin or "Auld Reekie.
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 as a royal residence. A mighty fortress 420 ft (128 m) above the Forth, it overlooks several famous battlefields, including Stirling Bridge, where William WallaceWallace, Sir William,
1272?–1305, Scottish soldier and national hero. The first historical record of Wallace's activities concerns the burning of Lanark by Wallace and 30 men in May, 1297, and the slaying of the English sheriff, one of those whom Edward I of England had
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 routed an English army in 1297, and BannockburnBannockburn
, moor and parish, Stirling, central Scotland, on the Bannock River. Textiles are manufactured in the parish. In 1314 on the moor, a Scottish army of 10,000 led by Robert Bruce routed 23,000 English under Edward II, thus climaxing Robert's struggle for Scottish
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. The castle may have been built in the 12th cent.; it was the birthplace of James II and (probably) James III and James IV. Many assemblies were held in the castle's Parliament House, built by James III. Other points of interest are the Church of the Holy Rude (13th cent.), where Mary Stuart and James IV were crowned as infants, and monuments to Wallace and Robert I (Robert the Bruce). The Univ. of Stirling (1967) is there.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stirling

 

a city in Great Britain, in Scotland. Population, 30,000 (1972). Port on the right bank of the Forth River, near the point where the river empties into the Firth of Forth, northeast of Glasgow. Coal is mined near Stirling. The city also has enterprises for the production of agricultural machinery, chemicals, foodstuffs, and construction materials. Stirling has a university (founded 1967).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Stirling

1
Sir James. 1926--92, British architect; buildings include the Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart (1977--84)

Stirling

2
1. a city in central Scotland, in Stirling council area on the River Forth: its castle was a regular residence of many Scottish monarchs between the 12th century and 1603. Pop.: 32 673 (2001)
2. a council area of central Scotland, created from part of Central Region in 1996; includes most of the historical county of Stirlingshire: the Forth valley rises to the Grampian Mountains in the N. Administrative centre: Stirling. Pop.: 86 370 (2003 est.). Area: 2173 sq. km (839 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
London, Aug 27(ANI): Archeologists searching for King Arthur's Round Table believe that have found a "circular feature" beneath the historic King's Knot in Stirling, Scotland.
Cutsuridis is affiliated with the University of Stirling, Scotland.
1989: Burke's Peerage reported that what was claimed to be King Arthur's Round Table had been found near Stirling, Scotland, by the Carron River.
Alleyne was the leader of the Anti-Racist Discourses Project, a transnational research initiative that includes scholars from a number of universities across the world, including the University of Stirling, Scotland, the University of Wisconsin, Madison, the Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico, the University of Salzburg, Austria, and the University of Amsterdam, Holland.
Cheryl Burgess is Research Fellow, Department of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling, Scotland
The investigators, led by Ruth Jepson, senior research fellow at the University of Stirling, Scotland, searched medical databases to identify studies that used cranberry juice or tablets to prevent recurrences of UTI.
Marc holds a degree in languages and literature from Harvard University and an MBA from the Scottish Business School in Stirling, Scotland. A frequent lecturer and oft-cited expert on risk management issues, Marc has written feature articles for Medical Product Outsourcing and our sister publication Orthopedic Design & Technology in the past, and we look forward to his regular contribution as a columnist.
Stirling Castle M9 - near junction 10, Stirling, Scotland
Chalcroft's turnover currently tops 40 [pounds sterling] million, and it's growing rapidly--as the launch of a new base in Stirling, Scotland, illustrated earlier this year.
THE INSTITUTE of Nanotechnology, in Stirling, Scotland, has released a new compendium of groundbreaking research, with many studies focusing on the use of nanotechnology in environmental health.