animal husbandry

(redirected from Stock breeding)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

animal husbandry,

aspect of agricultureagriculture,
science and practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth. The primary aim of agriculture is to cause the land to produce more abundantly and at the same time to protect it from deterioration and misuse.
..... Click the link for more information.
 concerned with the care and breedingbreeding,
in agriculture and animal husbandry, propagation of plants and animals by sexual reproduction; usually based on selection of parents with desirable traits to produce improved progeny.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of domestic animals such as cattle, goats, sheep, hogs, and horses. Domestication of wild animal species was a crucial achievement in the prehistoric transition of human civilization from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. The first domesticated livestock animal may have been the sheep, which was tamed around 9000 B.C. in N Iraq. By about 7000 B.C. (and perhaps much earlier) the pig was domesticated in Anatolia; around 6500 B.C. domestic goats were kept in Mesopotamia; by 5900 B.C. (and perhaps 3,000 years earlier) there were domesticated cattle in Chad, while independently about 5500 B.C. there were domesticated cattle in SW Iran; and around 3500 B.C. the horse was domesticated on the Eurasian steppes. Nothing is known of the early development of husbandry; selective breeding for the improvement of livestock was already practiced in Roman times. Continuing systematic development and improvement of domestic livestock breeds, established in England following 1760 by Robert Bakewell and others, has been paralleled by advances in animal nutritionnutrition,
study of the materials that nourish an organism and of the manner in which the separate components are used for maintenance, repair, growth, and reproduction. Nutrition is achieved in various ways by different forms of life.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and veterinary medicineveterinary medicine,
diagnosis and treatment of diseases of animals. An early interest in animal diseases is found in ancient Greek writings on medicine. Veterinary medicine began to achieve the stature of a science with the organization of the first school in the field in
..... Click the link for more information.
.

animal husbandry

[′an·ə·məl ′həz·bən·drē]
(agriculture)
A branch of agriculture concerned with the breeding and feeding of domestic animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
We have established contacts with Macedonian businessmen from the food industry, fruit processing, stock breeding, furniture manufacturing and solar energy generation," Mustafa Kirci, President of the Rumelisiad Chamber of Commerce, told Macedonian journalists.
Donoghue and the hero of our story, was brought up in a home where stock breeding was a pervading interest, and he entered fully into it in his own way, beginning in early boyhood with his pocket money on a commensurately small scale with rabbits, pigeons, and so on.
The researchers, from the Cattle Breeding Institute in Osumi in Kagoshima Prefecture in southwestern Japan, said the birth proves that cloned bulls are capable of breeding and is a step toward using cloning technology in stock breeding.
Starting Tuesday, the program will include four new fields -- stock breeding of chickens and pigs, horticulture, production of smoked marine products and production of fermented marine products.
The statement was m[ETH][degrees]de by Minister Desislava Taneva at the sitting of the Advisory Council on Stock Breeding.
The spreading frontage of the Durham Ox (on our left) serves as a reminder of an earlier stock breeding era and as we walk down the sloping roadway a former school building is high above on our right.
The initial aims of the local dignitaries and farming laird members were to encourage excellence in stock breeding, to promote discoveries in arable farming and to encourage the development of new and improved agricultural implements.