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one who acts as an intermediary in a sale or other business transaction between two parties. Such a person conducts individual transactions only, is given no general authority by the employers, discloses the names of the principals in the transaction to each other, and leaves to them the conclusion of the deal. The broker neither possesses the goods sold nor receives the goods procured; brokers take no market risks and transfer no title to goods or to anything else. A broker earns a commission, or brokerage, when the contract of sale has been made, regardless of whether the contract is satisfactorily executed. The broker is paid by the party that started the negotiation. In practice, merchants and other salespeople act as brokers at times.

Brokers are most useful in establishing trade connections in those large industries where a great many relatively small producers (e.g., farmers) compete for a wide market. They operate in strategic cities and keep in active touch with the trade needs of their localities and with one another. They are important in determining prices, routing goods, and guiding production, and in those functions play a part similar to that of the highly organized exchanges. Brokers also negotiate trades in property not directly affecting production; examples are stockbrokers and real estate brokers.

Types of Brokers

Employment agents are really brokers, as they bring together the buyers and sellers of labor. Merchandise brokers arrange sales between manufacturers and wholesalers or retailers, between producers and users of raw materials, and sometimes between two manufacturers. Small concerns use retail brokers instead of maintaining their own sales forces. Insurance brokers bring together insurance companies and those who want insurance. They are most useful to those needing several types of insurance protection and to those whose large risks must be divided among many companies. Real estate brokers negotiate sales and leases of farms, dwellings, and business property and are often also insurance brokers. Ship brokers keep informed of the movement of vessels, of cargo space available, and of rates for shipment and sell this information to shippers. They serve tramp carriers in the main, inasmuch as the larger ship lines have their own agents. Such brokers also serve as post agents, in which capacity they settle bills for stores and supplies, pay the wages of the crew, and negotiate insurance for the vessel and cargo. They also arrange the sale of ships. In the organized markets, such as grain and stock exchanges, commission merchants and straight selling displace brokerage in large part, but between cities and where there is no active exchange, brokers in grain and other commodities are active. Members of organized exchanges usually act as commission merchants or trade on their own account. However, in the New York Stock Exchange a group of members called "floor brokers" perform the actual trading on the exchange floor for representatives of commission houses, taking no responsibility and receiving a small fee. In the United States, note brokers buy promissory notes from businessmen and sell them to banks. Traders in acceptances and foreign bills of exchange are known in the United States as acceptance dealers. Customs brokers are not actually brokers; they act as agents for importers in estimating duties and clearing goods. The pawnbrokerpawnbroker,
one who makes loans on personal effects that are left as security. The practice of pawnbroking is ancient, as is recognition of the danger it involves of oppressing the poor.
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 is a private money lender. Technology in the 1990s changed the nature and importance of some brokers, when the InternetInternet, the,
international computer network linking together thousands of individual networks at military and government agencies, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, industrial and financial corporations of all sizes, and commercial enterprises (called gateways
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 allowed people to, for example, trade stocks and purchase insurance directly, without the aid (or with the minimum aid) of brokers.


References in periodicals archive ?
Proceedings were initiated against the firm in 2009 for the alleged violation of stock brokers norms related to a firm, Adani Exports.
He will be remembered and missed by his family in PSE,' said fellow stock broker Trina Kalaw, the first chair of the unified PSE.
Following that the Stock Brokers should be able to manage the highest number of deposits in the future, Director General Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) Dr Nalaka Godahewa said.
They want to reduce the retail participation which is the major market force in the island nation's only capital market by asking the regulator to not to revise rules," said a top investment banking industry's Chief Executive and a member of Colombo Stock Brokers association.
Gardner becomes interested in being a stock broker through a chance encounter with an apparently successful stock broker (expensive suit, Ferrari, and big smile) and asks what it takes to achieve success.
JHC Securities, a joint venture between John Hemming, Liberal Democrat leader on Birmingham's City Council, stock broker Draysey & Wright and Burton IT hardware company Safe Financials, yesterday secured regulatory approval to begin trading.
Former Wall Street stock broker, Marshall Glickman, goes a step further with The Mindful Money Guide (Ballantine Wellspring, $13)--an important resource for those seeking a more introspective approach to personal financial reform.
Far fewer members of the ADHD group held professional-level jobs, such as accountant, stock broker, or scientist.
TIPS are eligible investments for RRSPs and RRIFs as well as regular trading accounts you may have with your stock broker.
You mention that you felt underpaid as one of the two authors of the Journal's influential "Heard on the Street' column--particularly in comparison to your stock broker sources.
I already informed SSS President Emmanuel Dooc as early as July that there were reports still to be verified that at least one stock broker may be paying cash bribes to SSS officials employed in the agencies investment sector,' he added.