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The amount of plastic in the heating cylinder or barrel in injection molding or extrusion.



the control of the presence and condition of material values (fixed and working capital) in kind as well as monetary resources, balances in bank accounts, and accounts with debtors and creditors. Taking inventory is one of the most important methods of control over the safeguarding of socialist property, over the qualitative preservation of raw and other materials and finished goods, and over the accuracy of warehouse management and current accounting. In the USSR, taking inventory is obligatory for all state, cooperative, and public enterprises, organizations, and institutions.

Inventories may be complete or partial, planned or unexpected. A complete inventory includes checking of all resources of the enterprise and of all its accounting relations; it is held on the basis of the Statute on Accounting Reports and Balances of State, Cooperative (Except Kolkhoz), and Public Enterprises and Organizations (this statute was confirmed by the Council of Ministers of the USSR of Sept. 12, 1951, with subsequent amendments and supplements). The purpose of a complete inventory is to ensure that the bookkeeping balances as of the end of the year are real and by the same token to prove the reality of the financial results of the enterprise’s activity as shown in these balances. Such an inventory is taken also at the time of organization or liquidation of an enterprise. Partial inventories are taken to check the existence of those resources which according to their physical properties are subject to natural loss when stored; they are also taken when writing off goods that have become worthless and when hiring personnel responsible for material values. Planned inventories are taken during the whole year according to a calendar chart confirmed by the manager of the enterprise or of the economic organization. Unexpected inventories are made to prevent embezzlement and misappropriation of material or monetary resources and to establish the extent of losses in case an embezzlement has taken place. Dates and the number of inventories during the year are established with due regard to different kinds of resources.

The taking of inventories is entrusted to a commission that is appointed by the manager of the enterprise and in which the chief (senior) accountant takes part. This commission is headed by the manager of the enterprise or by his deputy. The procedure of taking the inventory is determined by ministries and government departments.

References in periodicals archive ?
The stockouts study: An examination of the extent and the causes in the Sao Paulo supermarkets sector.
For example, when products are purchased for "critical" needs, or when there is more "involvement" in their purchases (such as shopping for a gift for a spouse), consumer reactions to stockouts and delivery services are different (e.
Our research approach utilizes an analytical LT model to derive the five LT decision rules, as detailed in the Appendix, to assist supply chain practitioners to implement LT to improve supply chain systems performance by minimizing total inventory costs where stockout is one key cost component.
Statistic indicators for 500 observations Holding Stockout Ordering Total max 20.
The advantages and disadvantages are similar to those of labelling and packaging postponement--carrying costs, stockout costs, etc.
Consequently, stockouts should be managed with a combination of efforts to (1) reduce the number of stockout instances and (2) offer remedies to manage the consumer's response whenever the stockout is unavoidable or is too expensive to eliminate (Anderson, Fitzsimons, & Simester, 2006; Bhargava, Sun, & Xu, 2006).
The result, as in the case of variable lead time, is a stockout.
The retailer incurs stockout costs, s, if demand exceeds available product, and holding/ disposal costs, h, if demand falls short of available product.
In this research, two such contextual variables are studied: (1) whether the consumer is facing a stockout condition at the time of purchase or not, and (2) whether the consumer is deal-prone or not.
If demand exceeds the quantity stocked, the firm may incur stockout costs on the inventory shortage.
3) West (1986) and others recognized that when firms maintain inventory for stockout avoidance, production smoothing will not be [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 1 OMITTED] confirmed in the data.
Areas and degree of improvement in physical distribution operations resulting from revision of information system (%) Some No improvement Problem area improvement improved Stockout levels 6 37 Backorder status 9 31 Co-operation among PD activities 6 34 Order processing time 20 23 Transportation scheduling 23 26 Maintenance of field stock levels 9 29 Warehouse site location 26 31 Inter-departmental co-operation 3 40 Greatly Problem area improved No response Stockout levels 40 17 Backorder status 43 17 Co-operation among PD activities 40 20 Order processing time 37 20 Transportation scheduling 31 20 Maintenance of field stock levels 40 22 Warehouse site location 17 26 Inter-departmental co-operation 34 23