Stokely Carmichael

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Carmichael, Stokely,

1941–98, African-American social activist, b. Trinidad. He lived in New York City from 1952 and graduated from Howard Univ. in 1964. Carmichael participated in the Congress of Racial Equality's "freedom rides" in 1961, and by 1964 was a field organizer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Alabama. As SNCC chair in 1966, he ejected more moderate leaders and set off a storm of controversy by calling for "black power," a concept he elaborated in a 1967 book (with C. Hamilton). He was also an anti-Vietnam War activist, and railed against both racial and economic injustice. His increasingly separatist politics isolated Carmichael from most of the civil-rightscivil rights,
rights that a nation's inhabitants enjoy by law. The term is broader than "political rights," which refer only to rights devolving from the franchise and are held usually only by a citizen, and unlike "natural rights," civil rights have a legal as well as a
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 movement. He immigrated to Guinea in 1969 and spent the rest of his life there, calling himself a pan-African revolutionary but largely relegated to the political fringe. He changed his name to Kwame Ture, and was married briefly to the singer Miriam MakebaMakeba, Miriam
, 1932–2008, South African singer. She became the first black South African to achieve international fame and she played a fundamental role in introducing African music to the West.
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. His memoir Ready for Revolution was posthumously published in 2003.


See biography by P. E. Joseph (2014).

Carmichael, Stokely

(1941–  ) radical activist; born in Trinidad. A carpenter's son, he emigrated to America (1952) and was shocked by the racism he encountered. Involved in civil rights while attending Howard University (1960–64), he was elected leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and changed the group's focus from integration to "black liberation." Gifted, handsome, and articulate, he popularized the phrase "black power" and as a Black Panther came to symbolize black violence to many whites. He came to favor forging alliances with radical whites and resigned from the Panthers over this approach (1968). He and his wife, South African singer Miriam Makeba, moved to Guinea (1969), where he supported Pan-Africanism. He eventually returned to the U.S.A., but he dropped out of all civil rights activities.
References in periodicals archive ?
His most recent book, Stokely: A Life, has been called the definitive biography of Stokely Carmichael, the man who popularized the phrase "black power" and led the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, known as the SNCC.
He connected with important young political figures such as Walter Rodney and Stokely Carmichael who, according to the authors, was a boyhood friend of Howe in Trinidad.
By the fall of 1966, SNCC's Stokely Carmichael became the outspoken advocate of Black Power, which undermined alliances between civil rights and white peace activists.
You have got to go to the eye of the octopus," he said quoting the US civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael, "and the eye of the octopus isn't necessarily in Iraq, it is in Syria".
He said: "We may have to consider action in Syria because, as Stokely Carmichael the famous American, once said, 'You've got to go to the eye of the octopus'.
Far away on the huge stage, I could see Stokely Carmichael and SNCC leader James Forman, as well as Bobby Seale.
Congress, Senate, Committee on the Judiciary hearing titled the Testimony of Stokely Carmichael.
Ballard, US author, 1930 DIED LIONEL Barrymore, actor, 1954, above STOKELY Carmichael, activist, 1998 MARGARET Mead, anthropologist, 1978
Footage of key figures including Kwame Ture aka Stokely Carmichael, Dr Martin Luther King Jr, Eldridge Cleaver and Huey P Newton conveys the passions and determination of the era.
If we can trace a spectrum ranging from John Lewis's pro-Israel advocacy, past Israel Dresner's left-wing Zionism and arriving at Henry Schwarzschild's whole-hearted opposition to Israel as a Jewish state, we would have to place Stokely Carmichael, another Freedom Rider, beyond even Schwarzschild in his through-and-through condemnation of the Zionist project.
Speaking in Stockholm, Stokely Carmichael, a black power activist, criticises Dr Martin Luther King Jr.