Stolbovo, Peace of 1617
Stolbovo, Peace of (1617)
a “perpetual” peace treaty between Russia and Sweden, concluded in the village of Stolbovo (near Tikhvin) on Feb. 27, 1617. Negotiations began in the village of Dederino in January 1616; the Russian delegation was headed by Prince D. I. Mezetskii and the Swedish by J. De la Gardie. The final round of talks took place in Stolbovo, beginning in December 1616.
Under the treaty, Sweden returned Novgorod, Staraia Russa, Porkhov, Ladoga, and Gdov (with their surrounding districts), and Sumerskaia Volost. Sweden retained the Izhora Land (including Ivangorod, lam, Kopor’e, and Oreshek) and the town of Korela with its surrounding district, thus cutting off Russia from the Baltic Sea. The Russian population of these regions (except for the peasants and parish clergy) were given the right to leave for Russia within a period of two weeks. The Russian government pledged to pay the Swedish side 20,000 rubles. Under its economic provisions, the treaty granted the merchants of both sides the right to trade throughout both countries, but forbade the passage of Swedish merchants through Russia into Persia and the Orient, and of Russian merchants through Swedish possessions into Western European countries.
The borders established by the Stolbovo Peace of 1617 remained in effect until the Northern War of 1700–21.
REFERENCEShaskol’skii, I. P. Stolbovskii mir 1617 i torgovye otnosheniia Rossii so Shvedskim gosudarstvom. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
V. D. NAZAROV