gastric acid

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gastric acid

[′gas·trik ′as·əd]
(biochemistry)
Hydrochloric acid secreted by parietal cells in the fundus of the stomach.
References in periodicals archive ?
He added, "A patient who has persistent and recurring symptoms of heartburn, the most common symptom of GORD, and regurgitation or an unpleasant taste in the mouth from the stomach acid, should seek medical advice.
Reflux happens when the sphincter - the circular band of muscle between the oesophagus and the stomach - gets too slack and stops acting as a one-way valve, allowing stomach acid to creep back up the food pipe.
Antacids can help if foods consumed generate heartburn, as they act like a sponge to soak up the excess stomach acid, but they do nothing to prevent the stomach from creating more.
Carbon dioxide is also a building block of stomach acid, which helps digest food.
Peritonitis usually occurs as a complication of another abdominal disorder, for example if someone suffers a perforated appendix or if organ contents such as stomach acid leak into the abdominal cavity.
The question should be asked in case stomach acid is in the mouth ( which can give a misleadingly high alcohol reading.
Animal source enzymes are destroyed by stomach acid and are often enteric coated to bypass the stomach where digestion is also taking place.
The problem was, evidence had been accumulating for several years suggesting that ulcers are not caused by an excess of stomach acid, which Zantac was really good at suppressing, but rather by a bacterium known as Helicobacter pylori.
Studies show that as many as 70 percent of people with asthma also have gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, in which stomach acid washes up through the esophagus.
On April 29, 2005 GlaxoSmithKline announced that a drug-interaction trial of Lexiva (fosamprenavir) with Nexium (esomeprazole, a proton-pump inhibitor, often used to reduce stomach acidity for relief of reflux, the unwanted flow of stomach acid into the esophagus), had found no reduction in the in the blood level of amprenavir.
The Enteryx procedure uses an endoscope inserted through the mouth and down the esophagus to inject a liquid that strengthens a lower esophageal valve, which in acid reflux fails to hold back stomach acid.
99) includes microencapsulated lactobacillus spores, which are resistant to heat and stomach acid, plus chicory, a prebiotic or food for the lactobacilli to encourage their growth.