Storks


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Storks

 

(Ciconiidae), a family of birds from the order Ciconiiformes. Because their vocal cords are not developed, storks are voiceless. There are 11 genera, combining 17 species (marabou, jabiru, etc.). They are distributed chiefly in the tropical, subtropical, and temperate zones. In the USSR, two species from the genus Ciconia exist: the white stork (Ciconia ciconia) and the black stork (Ciconia nigra). The white stork has a red bill and red legs. Its plumage is basically white, with black wing and contour feathers. It can weigh as much as 4 kg. The white stork is encountered in middle and southern Europe, Northwest Africa, Asia Minor and Central Asia, Japan, and Korea. In the USSR, it is found in the southwest, the Middle East, Middle Asia, and the Primor’e Krai. It lives in open spaces among solitary trees, in mountains, and in areas close to human dwellings. Its nests are 1–2 m in diameter and are built in trees, along cliffs, and on the roofs of houses. There are between three and five white eggs in a clutch; both parents sit on the eggs for about 30 days. The pairings are permanent. In middle Europe the number of storks has declined somewhat. Storks feed on frogs, lizards, mice, insects, etc. They are migratory birds, wintering in Central and South Africa, Southeast Asia, and western China.

REFERENCES

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1951.
Opredelitel’ puts SSSR. [Moscow,] 1964.
References in classic literature ?
Then the Stork with her great claws grabbed the Scarecrow by the arm and carried him up into the air and back to the bank, where Dorothy and the Lion and the Tin Woodman and Toto were sitting.
"I was afraid I should have to stay in the river forever," he said, "but the kind Stork saved me, and if I ever get any brains I shall find the Stork again and do her some kindness in return."
"That's all right," said the Stork, who was flying along beside them.
"Thank you," replied Dorothy, and then the kind Stork flew into the air and was soon out of sight.
People living in towns and villages where white storks are nesting may also give a hand, Jan Gagh of SOS/BirdLife Slovakia told SITA.They can add their observations to the White Stork Nests Atlas, unless the nest has previously been recorded.
After three years in New York City, the Storks moved their business and family to Vermont.
Sheila Walker, animal collections manager at Blair Drummond, said: "White storks migrate long distances in large flocks and unfortunately, when making these journeys, some will accidentally collide with power lines and other large man-made obstacles which are difficult to spot.
In many parts of Africa, these storks are rare, so to actually have them in the Nairobi National Park is special.
A faithful male flying thousands of miles each year to join his handicapped female who cannot fly -- the story of two storks in Croatia, Klepetan and Malena, is one of love and devotion beating the odds.
Together, Purnima and her army are on a mission to break down barriers and challenge pre-conceived notions regarding the adjutant storks, which are often neglected for its odd looking images and messy activities.
Ornithologist Irek Kaluga has been working to protect storks for 18 years.