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Abbrev. for spherical aberration.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Sturmabteilung; known in English as Storm Troopers), a paramilitary unit of the National Socialist Party in Germany from 1921 to 1945. The SA was an instrument of terror used against opponents of fascism.

After the fascists seized power in Germany in 1933, the SA was turned into an auxiliary police force; members of the organization were used as guards in the Nazi concentration camps and were responsible for some types of military and paramilitary training. In early 1934 there were more than 3 million members of the SA, mostly from petit bourgeois strata. On June 30, 1934, the fascist leadership, taking advantage of unrest within the SA caused by the failure to fulfill the promises made by the Nazi leaders to the petite bourgeoisie, liquidated the discontented members; those killed included E. Röhm and other leaders of the SA who tried to use the discontent of the rank and file to strengthen their own position. After the events of June 30, the SS (Schutzstaffel), which until then had been subordinate to the command of the SA, became a separate organization. The SA was outlawed after the defeat of German fascism in 1945.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.




The country code for Saudi Arabia.
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(1) (Security Association) The establishment of a secure transmission session. It includes authentication and the negotiation of the method of encryption as well as the exchange of secret keys. See IKE.

(2) See selective availability and situation awareness.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Marcelo Gallo, 43, of Riverside, Calif., discovered hidden artistic talents when he decided to make his own storm trooper helmet.
Visitors who opted to skip the park and visit the mall instead saw a performer dressed as Snow White, another as Captain America and several as storm troopers. Inside, stores stocked Disney merchandise and sold Mickey Mouse t-shirts.
3 (ANI): The team of robots took to the footie field at the world's biggest hi-tech fair in Germany.ccording to The Sun, the four "foot-bots" named Rajesh, Penny, Sheldon and Leonard look like storm troopers but are surprisingly agile and shifted their weight around to allow for proper ball control.
I've concluded from watching hours of grainy, black and white footage of the storm troopers that they weren't very nice But who the hell did their PR?
Nazi leader, who established the Storm Troopers and the Gestapo.
Star Wars characters Darth Vader, Chewbacca, Princess Leia and the Storm Troopers helped members of Saltburn Animal Rescue Association raise awareness at an open day event at Foxrush Farm.
The eye catching entertainment saw performers ranging from Austrian acrobats to drumming storm troopers hit the city for the Streets Ahead spectacular - Liverpool's biggest street performance festival.
There were Cheerleaders, Storm Troopers and a few Knights of the Round table.
Imperial storm troopers later kill Uncle Owen and his wife, Beru.
A BRIEF entry in one of millions of documents stored at the Austrian State Archives has revealed that Arnold Schwarzenegger's father was a volunteer member of the Sturmabteilung, or SA - the notorious Nazi storm troopers also known as brown shirts.
Saddam Hussein's most loyal storm troopers abandoned their barracks long before the 'shock and awe' bombardment began.
They seem to be the medical profession's first line of defence; the surgeries storm troopers. I assume that private patients do not have to endure this humiliation so why do we?