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(strā`bō), b. c.63 B.C., d. after A.D. 21, Greek geographer, historian, and philosopher, b. Amasya, Pontus. He studied in Asia Minor, Greece, Rome, and Alexandria and traveled in Europe, N Africa, and W Asia. Primarily a historian, he wrote a group of historical sketches (47 books) quoted by later authors but almost entirely lost. His Geographia, written subsequently, is based on his own observations and on the works of his predecessors, including Homer, Eratosthenes, Polybius, and Posidonius; it contains historical material as well as descriptions of places and peoples and is a rich source of ancient knowledge of the world. Its value is uneven, in great part because Strabo attributed to Homer an accurate knowledge of places and peoples mentioned in his epics and because he virtually disregarded Herodotus' information, which was often firsthand. The Geographia (extant except for part of the 7th book) is divided into 17 books: 2 introductory (largely a discussion of the definition and scope of geography), 8 on Europe, 6 on Asia, and one on Africa, mainly Egypt. Although a Latin translation appeared in 1472, the first printed edition in the original Greek was the Aldine (1516). There are numerous modern editions and translations.


See the Loeb Classical Library edition, The Geography of Strabo (ed. by H. L. Jones, 8 vol., 1917–32), with an introduction on his life and works.



Born 64 or 63 B.C.; died 23 or 24 A.D. Greek geographer and historian.

Born in Amasya in Asia Minor, Strabo traveled in Greece, Asia Minor, Italy, and Egypt. His Historical Notes, which have not survived, were intended as a continuation of Polybius’s History and contained a description of events from 146 B.C. to approximately 31 B.C.—from the sacking of Corinth and Carthage by the Romans to, evidently, the battle of Actium.

In his Geography, written circa 7 B.C. as a continuation of his Historical Notes, Strabo set out to describe the ecumene, the part of the world inhabited by man, by comparing and synthesizing all the data available at that time. Historians therefore consider Strabo’s work a summing up of the geographical knowledge of the ancient world. The most important writers of the many cited by Strabo as sources were Eratosthenes, Hipparchus, Polybius, and Poseidonius. Strabo made extensive use of the historical traditions of Asia Minor, especially accounts of the wars of Mithri-dates of the first century B.C., many of which historians based on local historical and geographical works. Thus Strabo was able to provide a complete description of the Bosporan state and the Caucasus.

Strabo intended his Geography as a practical guide for Roman statesmen, military commanders, provincial administrators, merchants, and the like. The work consequently contains numerous facts on ethnography, history, and everyday life and in many cases is the only source of information on these subjects. Of the 17 books that make up his Geography, only the first two, which are devoted to mathematical geography, are of a theoretical nature. The remaining books contain descriptions of countries and regions. The third through sixth deal with Spain, Gaul, Britain, Italy, and Sicily, the seventh through tenth with northern and eastern Europe, the northern Balkans, and Greece, the 11th through 14th with the northern and eastern Black Sea regions and Asia Minor, and the 15th through 17th with India, Mesopotamia, Arabia, and Egypt. Strabo’s Geography was the very first attempt at a historical geography and is a valuable historical source.


The Geography of Strabo, With an English Translation by H, L. Jones, vols. 1–8. London, 1917–32.
In Russian translation:
Geografiia. (Translated and with a foreword by G. A. Stratanovskii.) Leningrad, 1964.


Arskii, F N. Strabon. Moscow, 1974.
Aly, W. Strabon von Amaseia. Bonn, 1957.


?63 bc--?23 ad, Greek geographer and historian, noted for his Geographica
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Called holy ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], semnos) in Euripedes' Medea (8), the fountain gained its reputation as a special place through myths involving the winged horse, Pegasus According to Strabo, the Peirene was connected via underground tunnels to a smaller fountain on the Acrocorinth, and Pegasus's hoof striking the ground on the Acrocorinth started the flow of both (Strabo, Geography 8.
The origins of the story date back to the first century and the Egyptian tale "Rhodopis" by the Greek historian Strabo, which is considered the earliest known version of the story on record.
Although the most popular versions appeared in Charles Perrault's Histoires ou contes du temps pass ("Stories or Fables of Times Past") (1697) and the Grimms' "Fairy Tales" (1812), the story can be traced back to the story of Rhodopis, a Greek slave girl who marries the pharoah of Egypt, which Strabo recorded in the first century B.
Working for a company called Strabo Tours, Rosenstock has led photo trips all over the world.
The first century BC Greek geographer Strabo makes mention of the Diaspora and the Jewish dispersion to 'all inhabited parts of the world' known at that time, which would include present-day Spain.
The organization may seem odd to those expecting it to follow Strabo or the Barrington Atlas of the Classical World, but it is consistent with the authors' use of Tacitus to open the introduction.
Considering that the constant symbolic use of the rose and lily goes as far back as Walafrid Strabo in Charlemagne's time and was common everywhere, and taking into account the context in which it was written, surely William Dunbars Rose in The Thrissel and the Rose must be the Tudor Rose?
The view that ancient Egyptians were Black was held by leading ancient historians such as Pliny, Strabo, Diodorus, Tacitus and the venerated Herodotus himself.
They examine classic antiquity and beyond, intellectual-artist bondings in Germany and in the former Soviet Union, associations beyond Europe, the relation between philosophy and politics in Plato, Strabo as mentioned in the works of Giorgio Pasquali, Petrrarch Cicero's heir as council to the princeps, the avant garde and the state with the example of Vladimir Mayakovsky, and the curious re-institution by the former USSR of two Georgian novels.
Additionally, a citizenship decree from 302 includes the first epigraphic reference to the Kouretes, who formed an essential part of the celebration according to Strabo.
Greek geographer Strabo (64/63 BC-about 24 AD) wrote that this space is full of a vapor so misty and dense that one can scarcely see the ground and any animal that passes inside meets instant death.
One of its famous students was the talented Walahfird Strabo, considered the first great monk poet of the Middle Ages.