Strabo

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Strabo

(strā`bō), b. c.63 B.C., d. after A.D. 21, Greek geographer, historian, and philosopher, b. Amasya, Pontus. He studied in Asia Minor, Greece, Rome, and Alexandria and traveled in Europe, N Africa, and W Asia. Primarily a historian, he wrote a group of historical sketches (47 books) quoted by later authors but almost entirely lost. His Geographia, written subsequently, is based on his own observations and on the works of his predecessors, including Homer, Eratosthenes, Polybius, and Posidonius; it contains historical material as well as descriptions of places and peoples and is a rich source of ancient knowledge of the world. Its value is uneven, in great part because Strabo attributed to Homer an accurate knowledge of places and peoples mentioned in his epics and because he virtually disregarded Herodotus' information, which was often firsthand. The Geographia (extant except for part of the 7th book) is divided into 17 books: 2 introductory (largely a discussion of the definition and scope of geography), 8 on Europe, 6 on Asia, and one on Africa, mainly Egypt. Although a Latin translation appeared in 1472, the first printed edition in the original Greek was the Aldine (1516). There are numerous modern editions and translations.

Bibliography

See the Loeb Classical Library edition, The Geography of Strabo (ed. by H. L. Jones, 8 vol., 1917–32), with an introduction on his life and works.

Strabo

 

Born 64 or 63 B.C.; died 23 or 24 A.D. Greek geographer and historian.

Born in Amasya in Asia Minor, Strabo traveled in Greece, Asia Minor, Italy, and Egypt. His Historical Notes, which have not survived, were intended as a continuation of Polybius’s History and contained a description of events from 146 B.C. to approximately 31 B.C.—from the sacking of Corinth and Carthage by the Romans to, evidently, the battle of Actium.

In his Geography, written circa 7 B.C. as a continuation of his Historical Notes, Strabo set out to describe the ecumene, the part of the world inhabited by man, by comparing and synthesizing all the data available at that time. Historians therefore consider Strabo’s work a summing up of the geographical knowledge of the ancient world. The most important writers of the many cited by Strabo as sources were Eratosthenes, Hipparchus, Polybius, and Poseidonius. Strabo made extensive use of the historical traditions of Asia Minor, especially accounts of the wars of Mithri-dates of the first century B.C., many of which historians based on local historical and geographical works. Thus Strabo was able to provide a complete description of the Bosporan state and the Caucasus.

Strabo intended his Geography as a practical guide for Roman statesmen, military commanders, provincial administrators, merchants, and the like. The work consequently contains numerous facts on ethnography, history, and everyday life and in many cases is the only source of information on these subjects. Of the 17 books that make up his Geography, only the first two, which are devoted to mathematical geography, are of a theoretical nature. The remaining books contain descriptions of countries and regions. The third through sixth deal with Spain, Gaul, Britain, Italy, and Sicily, the seventh through tenth with northern and eastern Europe, the northern Balkans, and Greece, the 11th through 14th with the northern and eastern Black Sea regions and Asia Minor, and the 15th through 17th with India, Mesopotamia, Arabia, and Egypt. Strabo’s Geography was the very first attempt at a historical geography and is a valuable historical source.

EDITIONS

The Geography of Strabo, With an English Translation by H, L. Jones, vols. 1–8. London, 1917–32.
In Russian translation:
Geografiia. (Translated and with a foreword by G. A. Stratanovskii.) Leningrad, 1964.

REFERENCES

Arskii, F N. Strabon. Moscow, 1974.
Aly, W. Strabon von Amaseia. Bonn, 1957.

Strabo

?63 bc--?23 ad, Greek geographer and historian, noted for his Geographica
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When these databases are frequently updated or are very large, domain experts are discouraged from transforming the data into RDF and storing it in a triple store such as Strabon. To solve this problem, the KRR&A group developed Ontop-spatial, (9) the first geospatial ontology-based data access system.
Il s'agit de dire que la municipalisation flavienne avait fini par rendre banal un statut autrefois juge plus prestigieux sans compter la moindre urbanisation de cette section littorale de la province et l'evolution des relations avec la province voisine de Tingitane dont Belo n'avait pas, malgre Strabon, le monopole.
Strabon raconte que le sol est <<sablonneux et maigre, et, [qu'] a defaut des autres cereales, [il] ne produit guere que du millet pour la nourriture de ses habitants>>.
The first and the most significant, since it includes most data, is the text authored by the Greek geographer Strabon, showing that Burebista, "taking the helm of his people, raised the inhabitants overwhelmed by endless wars, and guided them in good habits, a balanced life and obedience of commandments, and in a few years he created a large empire and brought most neighbours under the domination of the Getae.
(3.) Halys adanin tuzlardan veya yanindan akip gectigi tuz yataklarindan aldigi Strabon tarafindan ifade edilmis olup, Yunancada "hals" kelimesi "tuz" anlamina gelmekte, cogulu "hales" seklinde ifade edilmektedir (Keskin, 2005, 47).
The information about the maps, devised by Eratosthenes, reached the modern world only due to the writings of Strabon (68 B.C.-19 A.D.) and Cleomen.
Cet enseignant qui a forme des specialistes dans l'ancienne science de Strabon, decede l'an dernier, laisse un riche heritage culturel compose d'etudiants qui continuerons ses cours et de nombreuses pages ecrites, avec ses remarquables idees scientifiques.
Al examinar los sucesos que ocasionaron el descubrimiento del hemisferio occidental, es necesario ver la continuidad de ideas que a traves de las "tinieblas" de la Edad Media, unen el final del siglo XV con los tiempos de Aristoteles, Eratostenes y Strabon. Segun el sistema geografico de esta epoca, fundado casi unicamente en cuanto al Asia Oriental y maritima en las relaciones de Marco Polo, Balducci, Pelogetti y Nicolas de Costi, se constataba la existencia de islas ricas en especias y oro en el mar de Cin, es decir, en los actuales mares de Japon y China, ademas de lo que entonces llamaban "el gran archipielago de las indias".
Dans le cercle des theologiens, tels Amalaire de Metz, Raban Maur ou bien encore Walafrid Strabon, on developpe l'idee selon laquelle l'espace sacre de l'Eglise n'est pas seulement defini a partir de l'espace de l'eglise-batiment mais qu'il se trouve partout dans le monde, dans l'espace illimite destine a recevoir le message du Christ.
Se le atribuyo la Glossa interlinealis, un comentario seguido y literal de la Sagrada Escritura que fue impreso en Amberes en 1634 y es una de las dos principales obras exegeticas de la Edad Media (la otra es Glossa ordinaria o marginal, atribuida a Walafrid Strabo o Walafrido Strabon); ambas formaron en la Edad Media un solo texto fundamental para la exegesis posterior; son de Anselmo el comentario a San Pablo, a los Salmos y quiza al evangelio de San Juan; tambien se le atribuyen Enarrationes in Cantica Canticorum, Enarrationes in Apocalysim y otros.
Jacob, "Carthographie et Rectification: essai de lecture des 'Prolegomenes' de la 'Geographie' de Strabon", en G.
Segun la mayor parte de las teorias, dicha estructuras tienen el objetivo o funcionalidad de banos de vapor, enlazando de este modo con las descripciones que realiza Strabon segun la interpretacion de Schulten.