Strait of Magellan


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Magellan, Strait of,

c.330 mi (530 km) long and 2 1-2 to 15 mi (4–24 km) wide, separating South America from Tierra del FuegoTierra del Fuego
, [Span.,=land of fire], archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 sq km), off S South America, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Magellan. It consists of one large island (sometimes called simply Tierra del Fuego), five medium-sized islands, and numerous
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 and other islands south of the continent. Except for a few miles at its eastern end in Argentina, it passes through Chile. The strait, discovered by Ferdinand MagellanMagellan, Ferdinand
, Port. Fernão de Magalhães, Span. Fernando de Magallanes, c.1480–1521, Portuguese navigator who sailed for Portugal and Spain. Born of a noble family, he was reared as a page in the royal household.
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 in 1520, was important in the days of sailing ships, especially before the building of the Panama CanalPanama Canal,
waterway across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans, built by the United States (1904–14, on territory leased from the republic of Panama) and expanded by Pamana (2007–16).
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, and is still used by ships rounding South America. One of the most scenic waterways in the world, it affords an inland passage protected from almost continuous ocean storms. However, the strait is often foggy. The major city on the strait is Punta Arenas, on the mainland.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Magellan, Strait of

 

a strait between the mainland of South America and the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, joining the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The coastline belongs to Chile. The strait is about 550 km long and 3.3 km wide at its narrowest point and has a minimum depth in the channel of 31-33 m. The northwestern part is the narrower, more winding, and deeper, with a steep, rocky coast from which glaciers descend into the water. The northeastern part is broader and shallower, with low lagoon banks. Navigation is treacherous because of strong westerly winds and numerous underwater rocks and shoals. In the narrows the tidal currents reach 25 km/hr. The chief port is Punta Arenas. The strait was discovered and first crossed by F. Magellan in 1520.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
First oceanographic cruise in the Strait of Magellan (February-March 1991): report of benthic populations of the intertidal zone of the Seno Skyring.
The mention on folio 43 that its chart shows the Strait of Magellan, although it does not, suggests that the commentary probably belongs on folio 41 which relates to chart 10.
SANTIAGO, Chile, Dhu-AlQa'dah 12, 1436, August 27, 2015, SPA -- The Chilean Navy says two fishermen have died when their boat went down off the Strait of Magellan on the southern tip of South America, according to AP.
to the Strait of Magellan, an image they drive on top of.
Summary: Up to 50 pilot whales have been found beached in Chile's Strait of Magellan.
Teams in the past have tackled such diverse and demanding locations as the Strait of Magellan - a passage between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans which is notoriously hard to navigate - the Torres del Paine national park with its mountains, rivers and glaciers, and the Southern Continental Ice Field.
Which island is separated from South America by the Strait of Magellan? 7.
BUENOS AIRES (CyHAN)- NASA's Operation IceBridge has launched its Antarctic 2012 campaign, flying high-priority missions measuring polar ice from a base of operations at the tip of Patagonia on the Strait of Magellan.
The Strait of Magellan and the Turkish Straits are both intersecting internal waters of coastal states.
The non-stop race - which will end next week in front of a 200m-high glacier - began with a 46-mile mountain bike south along the Strait of Magellan followed by a 53-mile kayak to Tierra del Fuego.
Winter in Fireland: A Patagonian Sailing Adventure recounts the sailing journey of author Nicholas Coghlan and his wife Jenny aboard their 27 foot sailboat, Bosun Bird, from Cape Townthrough the winter waters of the Beagle Channel and the Strait of Magellan, dancing along edges of Tierra del Fuego (Fireland).
This engaging travel memoir describes Coghlan and his wife's first trip to Patagonia in 1978, as well as their second voyage 25 years later in which they sailed from Cape Town to the Beagle Channel and the Strait of Magellan, skirting Tierra del Fuego to Puerto Montt.