Strait of Messina

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Messina, Strait of,

channel, c.20 mi (32 km) long and from 2 to 10 mi (3.2–16 km) wide, separating the Italian peninsula from Sicily and connecting the Ionian and Tyrrhenian seas. Reggio di Calabria, SW Italy, and Messina, NE Sicily, are the main ports. A ferry crosses the dangerous waters of the strait from Messina to Villa San Giovanni. The currents, whirlpools, and winds of the strait, which still hamper navigation, gave rise in ancient times to many legends about its dangers to navigators (see ScyllaScylla
, in Greek mythology. 1 Sea monster. According to one legend Circe, jealous of the sea god Glaucus' love for Scylla, changed her from a beautiful nymph into a horrible doglike creature with six heads and twelve feet; according to another, Amphitrite, jealous of
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Messina, Strait of


a strait between the Apennine peninsula and the island of Sicily, which connects the Ionian and the Tyrrhenian seas. Length, about 40 km; width, 3.5–22 km; minimum depth, 115m. The Strait of Messina is known for the strong Scylla and Charybdis whirlpools. The ports of Messina and Reggio di Calabria (Italy) are situated on the strait.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From our veranda we could see Itala Marina, the beach front community below, the Strait of Messina that separates Sicily from the mainland, and the Calabria coastline at the southern "toe" of Italy's "boot.
In Section 4, the proposed method is applied to the case study to analyse passenger mobility with a barrier constituted by the Strait of Messina, located in southern Italy (Sections 4.1 and 4.2).
Periodic observations of mass mortalities in the Strait of Messina, revealed by a large amount of washed ashore clams, abalones, cowries, and Noah's arks (Giacobbe, unpublished data) led to undertaking a monitoring program that started in the summer of 2002.
Some projects have been mired in controversy, as was the case for the Strait of Messina Bridge project in Italy where it was feared that the money for the project would be diverted to the Sicilian and Calabrian mafias.
Today the picturesque Sicilian town, with its sweeping view over the Strait of Messina, is best known for the film festival that bears its name--Italy's oldest--that over the years has attracted such cinema legends as Marcello Mastroianni, Marlon Brando, Audrey Hepburn, Cary Grant and John Huston.
Black ash fall filled across the Strait of Messina from Sicily to the mainland, covering the streets and vehicles.
The voyage also will feature scenic cruising through the Strait of Messina, a narrow passage between the eastern tip of Sicily and the southern tip of Calabria, Italy.
One can recall indeed that the chimera of a bridge spanning the Strait of Messina between Sicily and mainland Italy got number one in the list of the TEN-T priority' projects.
Ulysses had to choose which monster was worse when he passed through the Strait of Messina. He decided on Scylla, incurring the loss of only a few sailors rather than lose his entire ship in the Charybdis whirlpool.
Clement's School, Toronto) and Copp (emeritus Wilfrid Laurier U.) escort readers along the path of the First Canadian Division from the landing beaches in Sicily, through the island's interior, and across the Strait of Messina into southern Italy.
Critics say the six billion euros (5.4 billion pound) two-and-a-half mile long bridge across the Strait of Messina is too costly and have also questioned the wisdom of building it in a region that is prone to earthquakes.
ANSWERS: 1 The piano; 2 Fatboy Slim; 3 March 21; 4 William Hague; 5 Belladonna; 6 Around The World In 80 Days; 7 As Tears Go By; 8 Napoleon I; 9 The Strait of Messina; 10 Ruud Gullit.