Strait of Malacca

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Malacca, Strait of

(məläk`ə), c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages. Chief ports include Belawan in Indonesia and MelakaMelaka
or Malacca
, state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Formerly one of the Straits Settlements, it was constituted a state of Malaya in 1957 (see Malaysia).
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 and Penang in Malaysia; Singapore is at the southern end of the strait. The Strait of Malacca has been controlled by the Arabs, the Dutch, the Portuguese, and the British. In the mid-19th cent. it was a haven for pirates who menaced Dutch and British traders. Piracy remained a problem in the strait into the early 2000s.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Malacca, Strait of

 

a strait between the Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra. It joins the Andaman Sea with the South China Sea. The strait is about 1,000 km long; the minimum width is about 40 km, and the minimum depth in the fairway is 25 m. The port of Singapore (the capital of the state of Singapore) is located near the southern entrance of the Strait of Malacca.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
In this voyage, being by contrary winds obliged to beat up and down a great while in the Straits of Malacca and among the islands, we were no sooner got clear of those difficult seas than we found our ship had sprung a leak, but could not discover where it was.
I was some time of my partner's opinion; but after a little more serious thinking, I told him I thought it was a very great hazard for us to attempt returning to Bengal, for that we were on the wrong side of the Straits of Malacca, and that if the alarm was given, we should be sure to be waylaid on every side--that if we should be taken, as it were, running away, we should even condemn ourselves, and there would want no more evidence to destroy us.
At this point indicated on the planisphere one of these currents was rolling, the Kuro-Scivo of the Japanese, the Black River, which, leaving the Gulf of Bengal, where it is warmed by the perpendicular rays of a tropical sun, crosses the Straits of Malacca along the coast of Asia, turns into the North Pacific to the Aleutian Islands, carrying with it trunks of camphor-trees and other indigenous productions, and edging the waves of the ocean with the pure indigo of its warm water.
Zulkifli was commenting on reports that China's Transport Ministry had urged shipping companies from the country to enhance security when their vessels were in the Straits of Malacca.
Barr recounts the history of the southern Asian island city of Singapore from its beginning as a home for traders and pirates who maximized the benefits of nearness of the Straits of Malacca. He covers 1819: reorienting the national narrative; the idea of Singapore; Singapore central: the role of location in Singapore's history; governance in premodern Singapore; governance in modern Singapore 1867-1965; governance in independent Singapore; the economy: Singapore still at the center; and making modern Singapore: people, society, and place.
The decision has been welcomed in Russia where it's hoped the Arctic route will compete with the southern route through the Suez Canal and Straits of Malacca. The Northern Sea Route runs from Murmansk near Russia's border with Norway all the way to the Bering Strait in Alaska with all transiting ships requiring a permit from the Russian authorities.
The envisaged economic route from Gwadar to Kashgar can serve as an alternative and economically shorter sea route instead of the far longer straits of Malacca. This has always been the most compelling reason for multilateral and regional cooperation.
[U.S.A.], August 23 (ANI): United States President Donald Trump has again offered condolences and prayed for the US Navy sailors who died in the US Navy guided-missile destroyer USS John S McCain's collision with a merchant ship Alnic MC in waters east of Singapore and the Straits of Malacca.
McCain with the merchant ship Alnic MC occurred east of the Straits of Malacca 6:24 a.m.
"That is why one of the first missions of our two vast new aircraft carriers will be to sail through the Straits of Malacca."
Malacca, located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula and next to the Straits of Malacca, played a critical role in sea transportation historically and geographically, he said.