Strait of Messina

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Messina, Strait of,

channel, c.20 mi (32 km) long and from 2 to 10 mi (3.2–16 km) wide, separating the Italian peninsula from Sicily and connecting the Ionian and Tyrrhenian seas. Reggio di Calabria, SW Italy, and Messina, NE Sicily, are the main ports. A ferry crosses the dangerous waters of the strait from Messina to Villa San Giovanni. The currents, whirlpools, and winds of the strait, which still hamper navigation, gave rise in ancient times to many legends about its dangers to navigators (see ScyllaScylla
, in Greek mythology. 1 Sea monster. According to one legend Circe, jealous of the sea god Glaucus' love for Scylla, changed her from a beautiful nymph into a horrible doglike creature with six heads and twelve feet; according to another, Amphitrite, jealous of
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).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Messina, Strait of

 

a strait between the Apennine peninsula and the island of Sicily, which connects the Ionian and the Tyrrhenian seas. Length, about 40 km; width, 3.5–22 km; minimum depth, 115m. The Strait of Messina is known for the strong Scylla and Charybdis whirlpools. The ports of Messina and Reggio di Calabria (Italy) are situated on the strait.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The expedition sailed from Genoa to join a Sicilian peasant revolt, and through Garibaldi's daring leadership conquered the entire island, crossed the Straits of Messina, routed the royalist army, and captured Naples itself.
But also big projects in Italy that need billions of funding, such as the planned bridge across the Straits of Messina between mainland Italy and Sicily, the reconstruction of the earthquake-hit Abruzzo region and several upcoming big trade fairs, especially the huge Expo 2015 in Milan, are all in danger of being infiltrated by Mafia groups operating in construction and the financial sector.
As does much of the port of Reggio di Calabria, which overlooks Sicily on the Straits of Messina and was rebuilt following an earthquake in 1908.
Large, and occasionally spectacular, numbers of honey buzzards can be seen during their migration, where their routes converge at narrow sea crossings such as the Straits of Gibraltar, the Straits of Messina, the Bosphorus and at Falsterbo in southern Sweden.
Another company permanently connected its device to the Italian grid from the Straits of Messina in 2006.
Trains and boats crossing the Straits of Messina connecting Sicily to the mainland also ground to a halt.
On September 3, British forces crossed the Straits of Messina to the mainland and Italy signed an armistice with the Allies.
It has taken them 25 years to complete one motorway and, over many decades, they are still only talking about a road bridge over the Straits of Messina to the mainland ( a distance of only two miles.
One amendment proposed dropping the planned bridge across the Straits of Messina from the priority projects calling for additional environmental impact studies and a socio-economic analysis of project costs and benefits.
But it could all be irretrievably changed if Berlusconi succeeds in building his bridge over the Straits of Messina (scheduled for completion in 2011 but much contested).
Kesselring criticized this Allied hesitancy: The enemy failure to exploit the last chance of hindering the German forces crossing the Straits of Messina, by continuous and strongly coordinated attacks from the sea and the air, was almost a greater boon to the German Command than their failure immediately to push their pursuit across the straits on 17 August.