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Stralsund(shträl`zo͝ont'), city (1994 pop. 69,230), Mecklenburg–West Pomerania, NE Germany, on the Strelasund (an inlet of the Baltic Sea), opposite RügenRügen
, island (1994 est. pop. 85,000), 358 sq mi (927 sq km), Mecklenburg–West Pomerania, NE Germany, in the Baltic Sea, separated from the mainland by the Strelasund.
..... Click the link for more information. Island. It is an industrial center and seaport, with shipyards and major fishing and fish-processing industries. Founded in 1209, Stralsund became (late 13th cent.) a leading member of the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
..... Click the link for more information. . The Treaty of Stralsund (1370) between Denmark and the league was signed there. In the Thirty Years War, Stralsund withstood (1628) a siege by Wallenstein. It was aided by Danish, then by Swedish, troops, and at the Peace of Westphalia (1648) it passed to Sweden. The city was taken by the French in 1807 and passed to Denmark by the Treaty of Kiel (1814) and to Prussia at the Congress of Vienna (1814–15). It was heavily damaged in World War II. Noteworthy buildings include the Church of St. Nicholas (13th–14th cent.), the city hall (13th–14th cent.), and several medieval gates; there also is an aquarium. The chemist K. W. ScheeleScheele, Karl Wilhelm
, 1742–86, Swedish chemist, b. Stralsund. He is known as the discoverer of many chemical substances. He was a pharmacist in Stockholm, in Uppsala (1770–75), and then in Köping. He prepared and studied oxygen c.
..... Click the link for more information. was born (1742) there.
a city in the German Democratic Republic, in the Bezirk (district) of Rostock. Population, 72,100 (1975). Stralsund, a port on the Baltic Sea and a railroad junction, is linked by a road and rail embankment with Rügen Island. Industry is represented by shipbuilding, which produces chiefly fishing vessels, and the production of tin cans for the canning industry. Stralsund has a wood-products industry and a food-processing industry, whose products include beet sugar.