Stralsund


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Stralsund

(shträl`zo͝ont'), city (1994 pop. 69,230), Mecklenburg–West Pomerania, NE Germany, on the Strelasund (an inlet of the Baltic Sea), opposite RügenRügen
, island (1994 est. pop. 85,000), 358 sq mi (927 sq km), Mecklenburg–West Pomerania, NE Germany, in the Baltic Sea, separated from the mainland by the Strelasund.
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 Island. It is an industrial center and seaport, with shipyards and major fishing and fish-processing industries. Founded in 1209, Stralsund became (late 13th cent.) a leading member of the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
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. The Treaty of Stralsund (1370) between Denmark and the league was signed there. In the Thirty Years War, Stralsund withstood (1628) a siege by Wallenstein. It was aided by Danish, then by Swedish, troops, and at the Peace of Westphalia (1648) it passed to Sweden. The city was taken by the French in 1807 and passed to Denmark by the Treaty of Kiel (1814) and to Prussia at the Congress of Vienna (1814–15). It was heavily damaged in World War II. Noteworthy buildings include the Church of St. Nicholas (13th–14th cent.), the city hall (13th–14th cent.), and several medieval gates; there also is an aquarium. The chemist K. W. ScheeleScheele, Karl Wilhelm
, 1742–86, Swedish chemist, b. Stralsund. He is known as the discoverer of many chemical substances. He was a pharmacist in Stockholm, in Uppsala (1770–75), and then in Köping. He prepared and studied oxygen c.
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 was born (1742) there.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stralsund

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic, in the Bezirk (district) of Rostock. Population, 72,100 (1975). Stralsund, a port on the Baltic Sea and a railroad junction, is linked by a road and rail embankment with Rügen Island. Industry is represented by shipbuilding, which produces chiefly fishing vessels, and the production of tin cans for the canning industry. Stralsund has a wood-products industry and a food-processing industry, whose products include beet sugar.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Stralsund

a port in NE Germany, in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania on a strait of the Baltic: one of the leading towns of the Hanseatic League. Pop.: 59 140 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"The strategic importance of Volkswerft Stralsund for the Odense Steel Shipyard Group and AP Moller-Maersk has been reduced and the shipyards have not in an adequate scale been able to achieve operational synergy," Odense Steel Shipyard said.
Merkel welcomed the Norwegian royal couple on Saturday in the historic center of Stralsund, where some 1,000 people cheered the arriving guests, AP reported.
Finnish ship power supplier Wartsila Corporation said today (11 February) that it had signed a contract with the German shipbuilder Volkswerft Stralsund GmbH for the delivery of three new Sulzer 9RT-flex60C low-speed diesel engines.
Principal battles: Grathehede (1157); siege of Rugen (1169); Strela (Stralsund) (1184).
The three yards - in Wismar, Rostock, and Stralsund - will no longer be managed from the Lloyd Werft yard in Bremerhaven, but instead from the Wismar yard.
If y wo yac witT like afte cer con HaM The German chancellor said she'd to cruise on Crystal Endeavor after attending a keel-laying ceremony for the ship at a yard in her constituency of Stralsund, near Hamburg, on Tuesday.
On January 21, the European Commission authorised a shipbuilding capacity transfer of 3,900 cgt (compensated gross tonnes) for 2003 from the Volkswerft Stralsund yard to Aker MTW Werft, both in East Germany.
The European Commission has approved the release of the third and final state aid payment totalling Euro 27.5 million for the restructuring of Volkswerft GmbH in Stralsund, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, it confirmed on September 8.
The EU executive's ruling confirms that there has been a misuse of restructuring aid to the German MTW-Schiffswerft and Volkswerit Stralsund shipyards, which were formerly part of Bremer Vulkan Verbund AG (BVV) and an illegal disbursement of a DM 112.4 million investment loan to MTW-Schiffswerft.