European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; there are currently 705 members.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

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References in periodicals archive ?
It is time we stopped the ridiculous MEPs' merry-go-round which involves us having to move our offices from the Brussels Parliament to the Strasbourg Parliament every month."
Just 18pc of Britons say they are certain to vote on June 10 to put MEPs in the Strasbourg Parliament.
A law passed by the Strasbourg parliament yesterday included an obligation on manufacturers to improve labelling on hair dyes.
The Strasbourg Parliament voted for an environmental report recommending reducing sulphur in diesel known as 'red' fuel - dyed to denote restricted use.
Mr Allister told the Strasbourg parliament: "Never in the history of this parliament has there been such a unanimous chorus of condemnation of Sinn Fein and the IRA.
The Strasbourg Parliament voted for an environmental report recommending reducing sulphur in diesel known as ``red'' fuel, because it is dyed to denote restricted use, generating a fraction of the tax levied on other diesel.
'We've long known that our Strasbourg parliament is a staggering waste of money.
Many make thousands of pounds simply on their travel costs from their constituencies to the Strasbourg parliament.
Efforts by Labour MEPs to block the year-long investigation failed when the Strasbourg Parliament voted to set up a 'Temporary Committee' to look at how the disease was handled and ways to stop it happening again.
After months of wrangling between governments and MEPs, a vote in the Strasbourg Parliament will endorse health warnings covering 35 per cent of the front of every packet and 45 per cent of the back.
West Midland Tory MEP Philip Bradbourn, who led the opposition to the report at the Strasbourg Parliament, condemned the introduction of additional taxes.
He is now expected to sit in the Strasbourg parliament as an Independent Conservative.