Strategic Air Command


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Strategic Air Command

(SAC), former command of the U.S. air force (see Air Force, United States Department of theAir Force, United States Department of the,
military department within the U.S. Dept. of Defense (see Defense, United States Department of). The Air Force traces its roots to the founding of the Aeronautical Division of the Army Signal Corps (1907), variously renamed before
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) charged with organizing, training, equipping, administering, and preparing strategic air forces for combat; it was headquartered at Offutt Air Force BaseOffutt Air Force Base,
U.S. military installation, 1,907 acres (772 hectares), E Neb., S of Omaha; est. 1896 as Fort Crook, an army base. Converted to an airbase in the early 1900s and renamed in 1924, it is the headquarters of the Strategic Command, the successor to the
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. From 1946 to 1992, SAC controlled most U.S. strategic nuclear weaponsnuclear weapons,
weapons of mass destruction powered by atomic, rather than chemical, processes. Nuclear weapons produce large explosions and hazardous radioactive byproducts by means of either nuclear fission or nuclear fusion.
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. Its bombers and guided missilesguided missile,
self-propelled, unmanned space or air vehicle carrying an explosive warhead. Its path can be adjusted during flight, either by automatic self-contained controls or remote human control. Guided missiles are powered either by rocket engines or by jet propulsion.
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 played a key role in the nuclear strategynuclear strategy,
a policy for the use of nuclear weapons. The first atomic bombs were used in the context of the Allies' World War II policy of strategic bombing. Early in the cold war, U.S.
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 of the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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.

SAC was abolished in 1992 as part of the reorganization of the Department of Defense, and the Strategic Command was created. The former Space Command was merged into the Strategic Command in 2002. The interservice Strategic Command, also based at Offutt, now coordinates nuclear plans for both the U.S. air force and navy and oversees all U.S. nuclear forces and ballistic missile defense. A Cyber Command was established under the Strategic Command in 2008, and made a fully separate combatant command, focused on cyberspace, in 2017. A new Space Command, separate from the Strategic Command, was established in 2019 to oversee and conduct military space operations.

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References in periodicals archive ?
During the Vietnam War, George requested a voluntary recall from the Air Reserve, Strategic Air Command. He retired after 25 years as a Senior Master Sergeant from the U.S.
Bush ordered that Strategic Air Command alert cease the following day, representing the end of the Cold War.
Air Force Reserve Forces (1948-50); deputy commander of Third Air Division (1950-51); commander, Seventh Air Division (1951-53); director of plans, Strategic Air Command (1953-57); commander, Second Air Force (1957-61); Vice Commander in Chief, Strategic Air Command (1961-62); Deputy Commander in Chief, U.S.
"Fail Safe" was a remake of the classic Cold War movie about the Strategic Air Command. Buckles said the movie was fairly close to the original, even featuring B-52 aircraft with side-by-side cockpits.
Although Edward Kaplan resists the urge to paint legendary air leaders as Strangelovian stereotypes, he critiques their ironic vision of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), a finely tuned instrument for a blunt annihilation mission.
According to the Office of the Historian at Headquarters Strategic Air Command, the history of air refueling began in 1918 when Lt Godfrey L.
Affectionately known as "Cool School," arctic survival training began in 1947 under the encouragement of the commander in chief of Strategic Air Command Gen.
The Vietnam War shattered the myth inspired by Strategic Air Command (SAC) that bombers could win wars by striking deep at the heart of an enemy, and no follow-on theory has replaced that concept, leaving the Air Force without a clear sense of purpose.
His career in the AF began in 1977 at Lack-land AFB, progressed to T-37 and T-38 jet training at Vance AFB, and then on to Strategic Air Command and the 4th Airborne Command and Control Squadron at Ellsworth AFB.
On March 21, 1946, the Army Air Forces sought to operationalize strategic air warfare by creating the Strategic Air Command (SAC).

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