Strategic Air Command


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Strategic Air Command

(SAC), former command of the U.S. air force (see Air Force, United States Department of theAir Force, United States Department of the,
military department within the U.S. Dept. of Defense (see Defense, United States Department of). The Air Force traces its roots to the founding of the Aeronautical Division of the Army Signal Corps (1907), variously renamed before
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) charged with organizing, training, equipping, administering, and preparing strategic air forces for combat; it was headquartered at Offutt Air Force BaseOffutt Air Force Base,
U.S. military installation, 1,907 acres (772 hectares), E Neb., S of Omaha; est. 1896 as Fort Crook, an army base. Converted to an airbase in the early 1900s and renamed in 1924, it is the headquarters of the Strategic Command, the successor to the
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. From 1946 to 1992, SAC controlled most U.S. strategic nuclear weaponsnuclear weapons,
weapons of mass destruction powered by atomic, rather than chemical, processes. Nuclear weapons produce large explosions and hazardous radioactive byproducts by means of either nuclear fission or nuclear fusion.
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. Its bombers and guided missilesguided missile,
self-propelled, unmanned space or air vehicle carrying an explosive warhead. Its path can be adjusted during flight, either by automatic self-contained controls or remote human control. Guided missiles are powered either by rocket engines or by jet propulsion.
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 played a key role in the nuclear strategynuclear strategy,
a policy for the use of nuclear weapons. The first atomic bombs were used in the context of the Allies' World War II policy of strategic bombing. Early in the cold war, U.S.
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 of the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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.

SAC was abolished in 1992 as part of the reorganization of the Department of Defense, and the Strategic Command was created. The Space Command was merged into the Strategic Command in 2002. The interservice Strategic Command, also based at Offutt, now coordinates nuclear plans for both the U.S. air force and navy and oversees all U.S. nuclear forces, conducts reconnaissance for strategic targets, oversees the radar and satellites that detect ballistic missile launches, and protects military computers and networks and conducts cyberwarfare.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dean was a United States Air Force veteran of Vietnam, having served with the Strategic Air Command stationed in Guam.
Air Force, Fitzgerald served at the Wurtsmith Air Force Strategic Air Command (SAC) Base and at the Andrews Air Force Base in Washington, D.
It inactivated five of its major commands: Strategic Air Command (SAC), Tactical Air Command (TAC), Military Airlift Command (MAC), Air Force Logistics Command (AFLC), and Air Force Systems Command (AFSC).
He does this while exploring the birth of the United States Air Force and the formation of the Strategic Air Command.
First, Strategic Air Command (SAC) planned to win a war with the USSR by using atomic weapons--a strategy that made sense, according to Kaplan.
Bigger Bombs for a Brighter Tomorrow: The Strategic Air Command and American War Plans at the Dawn of the Atomic Age, 1945-1950
The jet's service history includes Strategic Air Command, Air Defense Command, and the California Air National Guard.
14, 1985, with about 200 participants crossing the line into civil disobedience at the Strategic Air Command headquarters in Bellevue, Neb.
au, the Strategic Air Command chose the numbers to make the weapons quick and easy to launch over concern that command centres or communication lines could be destroyed in war and preventing soldiers from launching the missiles.
The Strategic Air Command tells the public the incident is the first of its kind.
We've been working with the same fueling infrastructure that has been here since the days of the Strategic Air Command when B-52s were flying out of Westover" said Col.
The stripe pays homage to the former markings used by the Strategic Air Command (SAC), which included bombers and refueling tankers that once operated at Selfridge.

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