Strategus

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Strategus

 

(1) In Greek city-states from the late sixth to mid-first centuries B.C., a military commander invested with broad military and political powers. Athens had a college of ten strate-gi: one to command the hoplites, one to oversee naval supplies, one to oversee defense, two to protect Piraeus, and five (taking turns) to command troops in campaigns. The Assembly elected one strategus from each phyle for a one-year term. Repeated election was permitted; Pericles, for example, served 15 years. The post of strategus was unpaid. Strategi headed Greek military and political alliances, including the Achaean and Aetolian leagues. In modern Russian, the word strateg is used to designate a commander of large-scale military operations.

(2) In Byzantium, beginning in the seventh century, a governor with military and civil authority over a theme (a Byzantine military and administrative district). In the 11th century the civil functions of strategi passed to judges or praetors, and military functions to duces who headed enlarged themes. The strategus later became the commander of a town or fortress garrison. The term “strategus,” in this sense, went out of use in the 12th century.and

References in periodicals archive ?
The term strategy is derived from strategos, a Greek term used to describe a military commander during the Hellenistic times that marked the zenith of Greek influence around the Mediterranean region.
Innovaro, a leading innovation services and IP licensing company, announces that it has reached three new agreements with a major Asian communications company to provide additional consulting services through Strategos, their consulting services division.
Used initially in terms of war, strategos thus became "the art of the general" or the art of setting up military forces before confrontation.
the new dating method was not yet an era, but rather a system counting the years when Seleucus ruled in Babylonia (first as strategos and later as king) as was the tradition in Babylonia already for a millennium.
The Athenian citizenry were divided into l0 tribes, each of which elected a strategos or leader, and battlefield leadership traditionally was determined by a day-to-day rotation of the strategoi.
This article from management expert Gary Hamel, a visiting professor at London Business School and a founder of Strategos Consultants, seeks to answer these questions.
Somers Chair of International strategic management; Director of Strategos, HEC Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
More severe medical effects include coronary heart disease, brain hemorrhage, malnutrition, stroke, and short- or long-term psychosis with a potential for violent behavior (Buffenstein, Heaster, & Ko, 1999; Karch, Stephens, & Ho, 1999; Perez, Arsura, & Strategos, 1999).
It has a military flavor--"strategy" comes from the Greek strategos ("general")--of out-thinking and outmaneuvering an adversary, knowing that the adversary is also trying to out-do you as well.
The word strategic comes from the Greek strategos,a leader of a vast array of troops similar to what we might call an army (what the Greeks called a stratos)and so is really the equivalent of a general.