Strategus


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Strategus

 

(1) In Greek city-states from the late sixth to mid-first centuries B.C., a military commander invested with broad military and political powers. Athens had a college of ten strate-gi: one to command the hoplites, one to oversee naval supplies, one to oversee defense, two to protect Piraeus, and five (taking turns) to command troops in campaigns. The Assembly elected one strategus from each phyle for a one-year term. Repeated election was permitted; Pericles, for example, served 15 years. The post of strategus was unpaid. Strategi headed Greek military and political alliances, including the Achaean and Aetolian leagues. In modern Russian, the word strateg is used to designate a commander of large-scale military operations.

(2) In Byzantium, beginning in the seventh century, a governor with military and civil authority over a theme (a Byzantine military and administrative district). In the 11th century the civil functions of strategi passed to judges or praetors, and military functions to duces who headed enlarged themes. The strategus later became the commander of a town or fortress garrison. The term “strategus,” in this sense, went out of use in the 12th century.and

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2013) Horns positive allometry in a Mexican population of Strategus aloeus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Dynastinae).
Comparison of lethal times ([LT.sub.50-99]) of various insecticides at the indicated concentration applied against Strategus aloeus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) adults.
A total of 38,619 specimens belonging to 29 species of the genera Phyllophaga, Diplotaxis, Paranomala, Pelidnota, Cyclocephala, Dyscinetus, Strategus, Oxygrylius, Megasoma, Dichotomius, Copris, Digitonthophagus and Hybosorus were collected.
Role of solid phase micro-extraction in the identification of highly volatile pheromones of two rhinoceros Beetle Scapanes australis and Strategus aloeus (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Dynastinae).
Description of Strategus larvae with a new key to species based on the larvae (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Dynastinae).
El nodo 4 esta integrado por la Sierra del Tentzo y La Joya, comparten 9 especies: Ligyrus sallei, Paranomala atomogramma (Bates), Paranomala chevrolati (Bates), Paranomala hoepfneri (Bates), Paranomala inconstans (Burmeister), Phyllophaga ilhuicaminai Moron, Phyllophaga obsoleta (Blanchard) Phyllophaga setifera (Burmeister) y Strategus aloeus (L.).
Se obtuvieron 1.307 especimenes que representan 4 subfamilias, 11 tribus y 57 especies de los generos: Calomacraspis, Macraspis, Pelidnota, Chrysina, Anomala, Strigoderma, Cotinis, Hologymnetis, Euphoria, Golofa, Strategus, Cyclocephala, Tomarus, Bothynus, Phyllophaga, Diplotaxis, Polyphylla, Isonychus, and Chnaunanthus.
Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus, 1758): Se recolectaron cuatro individuos durante mayo en la RCM y CUA con trampas de luz blanca y ultravioleta.
456); when the Peloponnesian War broke out (431) he probably took part in some early actions, but was stricken with the plague (430-427); elected strategus (424), he was given command of the fleet based in Thasos that operated along the Thracian coast; failed to prevent the fall of Amphipolis (Amfipolis) to a midwinter attack mounted by the Spartan Brasidas (424); recalled to Athens, where he was tried and exiled; during his exile he began to compile notes for his history of the war; he returned to Athens after the peace (404); there, he worked steadily on his history but died, leaving his masterpiece unfinished (c.
Dubius 15 Cyclocephala amazona Strategus aloeus 16 Euphoria leucographa Euphoria westermanni Cuadro 3.
Longitud corporal 28.0-50.0 mm Strategus aloeus (Linne) 21 Borde extremo de las protibias con tres denticulos grandes y dos denticulos pequenos intercalados entre los grandes.