Straubing (shtrou`bĭng), city (1994 pop. 43,586), Bavaria, SE Germany, on the Danube (Donau) River. It is an agricultural market of Lower Bavaria and an industrial center. Manufactures include machinery, electronics, and beer. Originally a Roman camp, Straubing later became (1353) the capital of the duchy of Bavaria-Straubing, which was ruled by a branch of the Wittelsbach family. Noteworthy buildings include the Peterskirche, a 12th-century Romanesque church; the Gothic Church of St. Jacob (15th–16th cent.); and the Gothic city hall (1382).