Straus


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Straus

(strous), family of American merchants, public officials, and philanthropists. Isidor Straus, 1845–1912, b. Rhenish Bavaria, emigrated (1854) with his brothers to the United States in order to join their father, Lazarus Straus, who had already settled in Talbotton, Ga. The family moved (1865) to New York City, and there Isidor took a large part in forming and directing the importing firm of L. Straus & Sons. Isidor, with his brother Nathan, became associated with R. H. Macy & Company in 1874, became a partner in 1888, and by 1896 had acquired ownership of the firm. As a Representative (1894–95) in the U.S. Congress, Isidor aided in drafting nonprotectionist tariff legislation. He later devoted his attention to philanthropy and reform. He and his wife were lost when the Titanic sank. His brother Nathan Straus, 1848–1931, b. Rhenish Bavaria, joined Isidor in business but was especially outstanding for his philanthropy. He established pasteurization stations to supply sanitary milk to the poor, made his milk stations relief depots in the Panic of 1893, and was a leader in the field of child health. He was a prominent Zionist leader and contributed generously to the general improvement of conditions in Palestine. Another brother, Oscar Solomon Straus, 1850–1926, b. Rhenish Bavaria, grad. Columbia (B.A., 1871; LL.B., 1873), was a diplomat and author. He practiced law in New York City until 1881 and then went into business with his brothers. He was minister to Turkey (1887–89) under President Grover Cleveland and again (1898–1900) under William McKinley and was ambassador to Turkey (1909–10) under William H. Taft. He was appointed (1902) to the Permanent Court of Arbitration (the Hague Tribunal) and was (1906–9) Secretary of Commerce and Labor under Theodore Roosevelt. He was candidate for governor of New York on the Progressive party ticket in 1912. He wrote several books, including Roger Williams (1894), The American Spirit (1913), and Under Four Administrations (1922). A son of Isidor Straus, Jesse Isidor Straus, 1872–1936, b. New York City, grad. Harvard, 1893, became president of R. H. Macy & Company in 1919 and served (1933–36) as ambassador to France. Nathan Straus, 1889–1961, b. New York City, son of the elder Nathan Straus, was a journalist and public official. He served (1921–26) in the New York state legislature and headed (1937–42) the U.S. Housing Authority. He wrote Seven Myths of Housing (1944) and Two Thirds of a Nation (1952). Family members ran the company until 1968, and the family held a large block of shares in the company until 1985, when the department store chain was sold in a leveraged buyout to a group of Macy's executives.

Straus

Oscar . 1870--1954, French composer, born in Austria, noted for such operettas as Waltz Dream (1907) and The Chocolate Soldier (1908)
References in periodicals archive ?
After the censure vote Saturday, a Straus spokesman said the speaker "expected these antics from some people when he opposed their bathroom bill and helped prevent the harm it would have brought our state.
It was Straus who set his sights on Nobel laureates.
Straus observes that the narrative of Robert Schumann's madness engulfs critical reception of his late music.
Andrew Aldridge said: "Isidor Straus was one of the wealthiest people on the ship and original material relating to his and his party's time on board Titanic is practically non-existent.
Two Religious Right conservatives are challenging Straus for the spot -Reps.
Though Straus has been caricatured as a liberal, the reality is more complicated.
But even small amounts of spanking made a difference," Straus says.
Straus describes how to recognize destructive behavior in girls, and examines the complex emotions that lay beneath actions.
Straus, an APHA member, also held the position of senior investigator in the Laboratory of Clinical Investigation at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
Straus said the value of single paintings has eclipsed the $100-million level.
Proust's lifelong pal Genevieve Straus was a second-generation salonniere and depressive: "While some women hosted salons out of social ambition or professional need, for Genevieve it was a question of survival, of warding off [her] psychological demons.
Brother Hood by Janet McDonald Farrar, Straus & Giroux, September 2004 $16.