Straus


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Straus

(strous), family of American merchants, public officials, and philanthropists. Isidor Straus, 1845–1912, b. Rhenish Bavaria, emigrated (1854) with his brothers to the United States in order to join their father, Lazarus Straus, who had already settled in Talbotton, Ga. The family moved (1865) to New York City, and there Isidor took a large part in forming and directing the importing firm of L. Straus & Sons. Isidor, with his brother Nathan, became associated with R. H. Macy & Company in 1874, became a partner in 1888, and by 1896 had acquired ownership of the firm. As a Representative (1894–95) in the U.S. Congress, Isidor aided in drafting nonprotectionist tariff legislation. He later devoted his attention to philanthropy and reform. He and his wife were lost when the Titanic sank. His brother Nathan Straus, 1848–1931, b. Rhenish Bavaria, joined Isidor in business but was especially outstanding for his philanthropy. He established pasteurization stations to supply sanitary milk to the poor, made his milk stations relief depots in the Panic of 1893, and was a leader in the field of child health. He was a prominent Zionist leader and contributed generously to the general improvement of conditions in Palestine. Another brother, Oscar Solomon Straus, 1850–1926, b. Rhenish Bavaria, grad. Columbia (B.A., 1871; LL.B., 1873), was a diplomat and author. He practiced law in New York City until 1881 and then went into business with his brothers. He was minister to Turkey (1887–89) under President Grover Cleveland and again (1898–1900) under William McKinley and was ambassador to Turkey (1909–10) under William H. Taft. He was appointed (1902) to the Permanent Court of Arbitration (the Hague Tribunal) and was (1906–9) Secretary of Commerce and Labor under Theodore Roosevelt. He was candidate for governor of New York on the Progressive party ticket in 1912. He wrote several books, including Roger Williams (1894), The American Spirit (1913), and Under Four Administrations (1922). A son of Isidor Straus, Jesse Isidor Straus, 1872–1936, b. New York City, grad. Harvard, 1893, became president of R. H. Macy & Company in 1919 and served (1933–36) as ambassador to France. Nathan Straus, 1889–1961, b. New York City, son of the elder Nathan Straus, was a journalist and public official. He served (1921–26) in the New York state legislature and headed (1937–42) the U.S. Housing Authority. He wrote Seven Myths of Housing (1944) and Two Thirds of a Nation (1952). Family members ran the company until 1968, and the family held a large block of shares in the company until 1985, when the department store chain was sold in a leveraged buyout to a group of Macy's executives.

Straus

Oscar . 1870--1954, French composer, born in Austria, noted for such operettas as Waltz Dream (1907) and The Chocolate Soldier (1908)
References in periodicals archive ?
Allan Ritter, a Nederland Republican who retired from the House in 2013, will serve as a senior adviser to Straus starting next year.
Straus, "fearing for his life,'' handed them the case and the car drove off.
About Straus Family Creamery Straus Family Creamery is a Northern California certified organic creamery, offering cream-top milk, yogurt, butter, ice cream, sour cream and a variety of wholesale and specialty dairy products distributed primarily throughout Northern California.
The advantage of using peracetic acid is that it does not produce any residues that would harm fry or the environment," Straus says.
spanking and correcting misbehaviour in other ways can help that happen," Straus says.
Straus introduces his topic by making the distinction between disability as material reality and disability as historically contingent, socially and culturally constructed meaning.
Mr Straus, 63, was a wealthy businessman who owned Macey's department store in New York.
A photo of Mr Straus was also sold to the same buyer as the deck plan for pounds 17,000 on Saturday in Wiltshire.
Straus, a Republican who represents San Antonio, has been the subject of a Web-based campaign and series of e-mails, some anonymous, attacking his Jewish faith.
This research shows that avoiding spanking and correcting misbehavior in other ways can help that happen," Straus says.
In our self-doubt we lose sight of the most vital contribution we have to make: a willingness to be fully and emphatically present with a girl who needs us," writes Martha Straus, a clinical psychology professor who teaches at Antioch University New England in Keene and Dartmouth Medical School, in her new book, "Adolescent Girls In Crisis: Intervention and Hope" (W.
Straus, MD, the first director of the National Institute of Health's National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, died May 14 of brain cancer at his home in Potomac, Md.