Strauss


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Strauss: Leo Strauss

Strauss

(strous, Ger. shtrous), family of Viennese musicians. Johann Strauss, 1804–49, learned to play the violin against his parents' wishes. In 1819 he joined the dance orchestra of Josef Lanner (1801–43), whom he later rivaled. In 1826 Strauss organized his own orchestra. His waltzes won him fame that was extended over all Europe when he toured Austria (1833) and played in Berlin (1834) and in Paris and London (1837–38). His son, Johann Strauss, 1825–99, followed a musical career against his father's wishes. In 1844 he formed an orchestra that was immediately successful and became the rival of his father's. After the elder Johann's death, the son combined the two orchestras. He composed more than 400 waltzes, on which his fame largely rests and which include the enormously popular Blue Danube (1866) and Tales from the Vienna Woods (1868). With these he brought the Viennese waltz to a height of musical artistry, endowing it with new melodic, rhythmic, and orchestral richness. He also composed a number of operettas of which Die Fledermaus [the bat] (1874) and Der Zigeunerbaron (The Gypsy Baron, 1885) are outstanding. His other works for the stage were hampered by their inadequate librettos and a lack of dramatic interest. Two of his brothers, Josef Strauss, 1827–70, and Eduard Strauss, 1835–1916, were also successful composers and conductors.

Bibliography

See biography of Johann (father and son) by H. Fantel (1972). See also biographies of the Strauss family, by J. Pastene (1951, repr. 1971) and J. Wechsberg (1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Strauss

1. David Friedrich . 1808--74, German Protestant theologian: in his Life of Jesus (1835--36) he treated the supernatural elements of the story as myth
2. Johann . 1804--49, Austrian composer, noted for his waltzes
3. his son, Johann, called the Waltz King. 1825--99, Austrian composer, whose works include The Blue Danube Waltz (1867) and the operetta Die Fledermaus (1874)
4. Richard . 1864--1949, German composer, noted esp for his symphonic poems, including Don Juan (1889) and Till Eulenspiegel (1895), his operas, such as Elektra (1909) and Der Rosenkavalier (1911), and his Four Last Songs (1948)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"First night in hospice," Strauss wrote on her (https://www.facebook.com/jael.strauss/posts/10156012327807066) Facebook page.
Strauss's major career as a composer of lieder spanned the later decades of the nineteenth century and the early decades of the twentieth, a time when the lied underwent important transformations.
The university announced the investigation in April after allegations about Strauss were brought forward this year.
While Downey spends much of the book chronicling the genesis of blue jeans, she portrays Strauss as not just an entrepreneur but as a multi-faceted character and a renaissance man of sorts, spurred by a firm sense of individual initiative.
Leo Strauss on Nietzsche's thus Spoke Zarathustra includes 14 graduate seminar lectures Strauss gave at the University of Chicago in 1959.
If Bernstein is correct, Strauss's task of reoriginating the importance of the question of Jerusalem and Athens while simultaneously trying to answer the question for himself was very complicated.
The Chambers family owns the Levi Strauss building.
So in the case of Graves, you are prepared to forgive a man who made a mistake then, Mr Strauss? What a nonsense ...
Strauss opened his account last weekend by overseeing the sacking of Peter Moores, confirmation coming within halfan-hour of his own appointment.
"I see the head boy is making English cricket the laughing stock again!" tweeted the former South Africa skipper, who toppled Nasser Hussain, Michael Vaughan and Strauss himself.
Strauss has yet to be appointed as the England and Wales Cricket Board's new director, but already has some timely advice from his former team-mate.