Strauss


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Strauss

(strous, Ger. shtrous), family of Viennese musicians. Johann Strauss, 1804–49, learned to play the violin against his parents' wishes. In 1819 he joined the dance orchestra of Josef Lanner (1801–43), whom he later rivaled. In 1826 Strauss organized his own orchestra. His waltzes won him fame that was extended over all Europe when he toured Austria (1833) and played in Berlin (1834) and in Paris and London (1837–38). His son, Johann Strauss, 1825–99, followed a musical career against his father's wishes. In 1844 he formed an orchestra that was immediately successful and became the rival of his father's. After the elder Johann's death, the son combined the two orchestras. He composed more than 400 waltzes, on which his fame largely rests and which include the enormously popular Blue Danube (1866) and Tales from the Vienna Woods (1868). With these he brought the Viennese waltz to a height of musical artistry, endowing it with new melodic, rhythmic, and orchestral richness. He also composed a number of operettas of which Die Fledermaus [the bat] (1874) and Der Zigeunerbaron (The Gypsy Baron, 1885) are outstanding. His other works for the stage were hampered by their inadequate librettos and a lack of dramatic interest. Two of his brothers, Josef Strauss, 1827–70, and Eduard Strauss, 1835–1916, were also successful composers and conductors.

Bibliography

See biography of Johann (father and son) by H. Fantel (1972). See also biographies of the Strauss family, by J. Pastene (1951, repr. 1971) and J. Wechsberg (1973).

Strauss

1. David Friedrich . 1808--74, German Protestant theologian: in his Life of Jesus (1835--36) he treated the supernatural elements of the story as myth
2. Johann . 1804--49, Austrian composer, noted for his waltzes
3. his son, Johann, called the Waltz King. 1825--99, Austrian composer, whose works include The Blue Danube Waltz (1867) and the operetta Die Fledermaus (1874)
4. Richard . 1864--1949, German composer, noted esp for his symphonic poems, including Don Juan (1889) and Till Eulenspiegel (1895), his operas, such as Elektra (1909) and Der Rosenkavalier (1911), and his Four Last Songs (1948)
References in periodicals archive ?
For this reason Bernstein frequently asserts that Strauss stands on the "border" between the two alternatives.
Strauss spoke of the ECB not trusting England's all-time greatest international run-scorer, then admitted Pietersen had been offered a role as an advisor on one-day cricket.
Furthermore, the rarely-performed Die Liebe der Danae is featured with only tangential links to Strauss's personal life, while Intermezzo is given no space in the film at all, even though Strauss wrote the libretto himself based on an incident of mistaken marital infidelity from his early married life.
Del Mar provides a comprehensive background on this issue as it relates to Strauss.
Strauss said that he apologises unreservedly, particularly to Pietersen, adding that he is mortified and profusely sorry, the BBC reported.
Given the dominant influence with which Adorno is thus credited, the engagement of his actual critique of Strauss throughout the handbook is remarkably limited.
Leo Strauss is a notoriously divisive figure: he often seems to evoke either polemical opposition or uncritical respect.
Derrick Strauss hit the road on July 13, 2013, prepared to successfully complete the Triple Bypass.
TPG Capital acquired its 25% stake in Strauss Coffee for USD293m (EUR225.
El primer escrito de Strauss sobre Maimonides, "Filosofia y Ley.
Leo Strauss was born into an observant Jewish home in Germany at the end of the 19th century.
The strange case of Leo Strauss, however, proves that there are definite exceptions to this rule.