Strauss, Robert Schwarz

Strauss, Robert Schwarz,

1918–2014, American lawyer and government official, b. Lockhart, Tex., grad. Univ. of Texas Law School (1941). The quintessential Washington insider and a partner in one of the world's largest and most influential law firms, Strauss began in politics as an undergraduate (1937), aiding in Lyndon JohnsonJohnson, Lyndon Baines,
1908–73, 36th President of the United States (1963–69), b. near Stonewall, Tex. Early Life

Born into a farm family, he graduated (1930) from Southwest Texas State Teachers College (now Southwest Texas State Univ.), in San Marcos.
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's first congressional campaign. In the 1950s he worked on the campaigns of Johnson and John ConnallyConnally, John Bowden, Jr.
, 1917–93, U.S. public official, b. Floresville, Tex. A lawyer, he became associated with Lyndon B. Johnson, managed the latter's successful senatorial campaign in 1948, and later served as Johnson's administrative assistant.
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, and later helped Connally win (1962) the Texas governorship. He managed Hubert HumphreyHumphrey, Hubert Horatio,
1911–78, U.S. Vice President (1965–69), b. Wallace, S.Dak. After practicing pharmacy for several years, Humphrey taught political science and became involved in state politics.
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's 1968 presidential campaign in Texas and two years later, while Democratic party treasurer, cut the party's large debt by two thirds. As chairman (1973–76) of the Democratic National Committee, he was an important figure in Jimmy CarterCarter, Jimmy
(James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924–, 39th President of the United States (1977–81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946.

Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program.
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's presidential win, and he was Carter's special trade representative (1977–79) and Middle East envoy (1979). After Carter's defeat (1980), Strauss was an adviser to Presidents Reagan and George H. W. Bush, and served as ambassador to the Soviet Union (1991) and then Russia (1991–92). He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Carter in 1981.

Bibliography

See K. J. McGarr, The Whole Damn Deal: Robert Strauss and the Art of Politics (2011).

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