Streletskii, Nikolai Stanislavovich
Born Sept. 2 (14), 1885, in the fortress city of Osowiec, in what is now the Polish województwo (province) of Bialystok; died Feb. 15, 1967, in Moscow. Soviet scientist in the fields of bridge design and civil engineering. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1931). Hero of Socialist Labor (1966).
Streletskii graduated from the St. Petersburg Institute of Railroad Engineers in 1911. In 1915 he began teaching and doing scientific work at the Moscow Higher Technical School, becoming a professor there in 1918. In 1933 he took up a teaching position at the V. V. Kuibyshev Moscow Civil Engineering Institute.
Streletskii’s work was mainly theoretical and dealt with the strength of structures. Under his direction, theoretical principles for construction design according to limit states were developed, principles of great practical importance in construction work. Streletskii was also responsible for principles used in categorizing transportation and industrial structures. His designs were used for a number of large metal railroad bridges over the Oka, Volga, and Dnieper rivers and the Moscow Canal.
Streletskii was awarded three Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and various medals.