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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




References in periodicals archive ?
For anyone trying to lose weight strength training is essential.
What to do: Lose excess weight if you can, but make sure you do strength training even if you're not shedding pounds.
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of shoe inserts and high-load strength training vs.
Hazard: The handle attachment on the strength training machines can detach during use and hit the user with force and/or cause the user to lose balance and fall.
Delavier's Women's Strength Training Anatomy Workouts is an in-depth resource packed with 157 exercises and suggested workout plans, specifically grounded in female anatomy.
com, with 12 million unique visitors each month and a social media footprint of nearly 6 million, will expand elitefts' reach to a record audience of individuals seeking strength training information and complementary products to support their fitness goals.
The American Heart and Stroke Association recommend that strength training be conducted at 50-80% of the 1-repetition maximum (1-RM) for 10-15 repetitions for 2-3 days per week, and that resistance be increased as tolerance permits for people with stroke (Billinger et al 2014).
Your strength training should reflect that the body works as an integrated whole, not in parts, particularly with running.
ISLAMABAD, December 31, 2010 (Balochistan Times): While strength training was once doubted to benefit children, recent research confirms that children and teenagers can boost their muscle strength with regular workouts.
Washington, Dec 14 (ANI): A one-year follow-up study has shown that strength training for seniors provides cognitive as well as economic benefits.
Fitness professional's guide to strength training older adults, 2d ed.
The only way to keep this from happening is to remain physically active in a way that includes not only cardiovascular exercise - activities such as walking, jogging, bicycling, swimming and jumping rope that benefit the heart and lungs - but also strength training, which works the body's main groups of muscles.

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