Strangles

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Strangles

 

an acute infectious disease of horses manifested by mucopurulent inflammation of the nasal and pharyngeal mucous membrane and submandibular lymph nodes.

Strangles occurs everywhere, most often in countries with a temperate or cold climate; sporadic cases are reported in the USSR. The causative agent is Streptococcus equi, a highly resistant microorganism in the environment. The source of the pathogen is infected horses and those that have recovered from the disease. The disease may be transmitted through feed, water, grooming objects, troughs, and stable walls contaminated by the pus and nasal discharge of diseased horses. Strangles epizootics usually occur in late fall, winter, or early spring. The course of the disease is generally acute. The typical form of strangles is characterized by fever, listlessness, anorexia, and enlargement of the submandibular lymph nodes and formation of abscesses in them. The diagnosis is based on epizootiological data, clinical symptoms, and results of laboratory tests. Sick horses are isolated and treated. Each animal must be individually cared for, fed, and watered. The stalls, grooming objects, harnesses, and troughs must be thoroughly disinfected.

REFERENCE

Bakulov, I. A. “Myt.” In Epizootologiia. Edited by R. F. Sosov. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
Naturally occurring persistent and asymptomatic infection of the guttural pouches of horses with Streptococcus equi.
Control of strangles outbreaks by isolation of guttural pouch carriers identified using PCR and culture of Streptococcus equi.
El Streptococcus equi zooepidemicus es de todos los Streptococcus C el mAs agresivo en el humano, se han descrito brotes de esta infeccion y casos esporAdicos severos.
Key Words: Streptococcus equi subspecies equi, bacterial meningitis, meningitis in the elderly
The cultural examination of pus and nasal discharge revealed [beta]-hemolytic, gram positive, mucoid colonies of Streptococcus equi on blood agar.
Control and eradication of a Streptococcus equi outbreak on a horse riding establishment in the United Arab Emirates.
Overall prevalence of Streptococcus equi isolated from nasal discharge and pus of sub-mandibular lymph nodes in mules.
coli fue aislada en los 12 casos, Proteus mirabilis en dos casos, en tanto que Pseudomonas aeruginosa y Streptococcus equi subespecie zooepidemicus se aislaron en un caso cada una.
Caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi, strangles has many unpleasant effects including abscessed lymph nodes of the head and neck, which can in severe cases restrict the airway, leading to the name 'strangles'.
Group C streptococci are commonly isolated from animals and include the species Streptococcus equisimilis, Streptococcus zooepidemicus, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, and Streptococcus equi.

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