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see diabetesdiabetes
or diabetes mellitus
, chronic disorder of glucose (sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin, a hormone produced in specialized cells (beta cells in the islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas that allows the body to use and store
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increase in the sugar content of blood to over 120 milligram percent. Temporary hyperglycemia can occur in healthy individuals after intake of large quantities of sugar (so-called nutritional hyperglycemia), during intense pains, and during stress. Chronic hyperglycemia occurs in conjunction with diabetes mellitus, certain other endocrine diseases, deficiency of vitamins C and B1, febricity, hypoxia, and other conditions.


Excessive amounts of sugar in the blood.


(US), hyperglycemia
Pathol an abnormally large amount of sugar in the blood
References in periodicals archive ?
Bellomo, "Stress hyperglycemia: an essential survival response!," Critical Care Medicine, vol.
Blasco et al., "Prognostic implications of stress hyperglycemia in acute ST elevation myocardial infarction.
Along with the numerous investigations of insulin therapy to manage stress hyperglycemia, there are numerous other treatment options that have been studied.
Michalaki et al., "Metabolic, endocrine, and immune effects of stress hyperglycemia in a rabbit model of prolonged critical illness," Endocrinology, vol.
Moreover, a significantly higher percentage of septic patients who had stress hyperglycemia died, compared with patients who had normal glucose levels (43.4% vs.
Stress hyperglycemia was not related to a genetic predisposition to diabetes mellitus.
Conclusion: Short term mortality in non-diabetic ischemic stroke patients with stress hyperglycemia is higher than those patients who do not have stress hyperglycemia.
This finding led some of the people who were attending the meeting to question whether stress hyperglycemia caused poor outcomes or was just another surrogate marker such as the SOFA score itself.
A systematic review examining stress hyperglycemia after MI in persons with and without diabetes concluded that stress hyperglycemia led to increased risk of congestive heart failure or cardiogenic shock in patients without a formal diagnosis of diabetes (Capes et al., 2000).
Aging is associated with a higher incidence of stress hyperglycemia (McCowen et al., 2001).
(14) stated that serum fructosamine is useful as a maker of 5-year risk of developing diabetes mellitus in patients exhibiting stress hyperglycemia; however, the dependence of fructosamine concentrations on the concentrations of albumin and total protein has been reported (15-19).