Striapchii

Striapchii

 

in the Muscovite state in the 16th century, a tsarist official who dealt with household matters, for example, at the khlebnyi dvor (grain yard) and koniushennyi dvor (stabling yard). The post was eliminated by Peter I; it was later restored under the judicial reform of 1775, when the term was applied to the assistant to the procurator for criminal affairs. The striapchii was charged with the legal defense of government interests, such as appanage estates. Beginning in the early 19th century, he was responsible for the supervision of places of incarceration. Under the judicial reform of 1864, striapchie were retained only in the capacity of poverennye (attorneys) in cases handled by the commercial courts.

References in periodicals archive ?
In August 169 , for example, the widow and children of a murdered man, who held the high Moscow court rank of striapchii, sued the tsar against two men, who were peasants of a metropolitan, accusing them of murder, assault, theft, and property damage worth more than 200 rubles.