Strip Transmission Line
strip transmission line[′strip tranz′mish·ən ‚līn]
Strip Transmission Line
in microwave technology, a plane ribbon-like structure that channels electromagnetic waves through air or some dielectric medium along two or more conductors that have the form of thin strips or plates. Like the two-wire line and coaxial cable, the strip transmission line is a type of waveguide. Copper, alloys with high conductivity, silver, and, less often, gold are used as the electrically conducting material in the strips and plates, while fluoroplastics, polyethylene, devitrified glass, ceramics, and other materials with low energy losses in the microwave region and with high permittivity (up to 20) are used as the dielectric.
There are many types of strip transmission lines, which are classified as either symmetric or asymmetric (Figure 1). Electromagnetic waves of the TEM (transverse electromagnetic) type are propagated in symmetric strip transmission lines, while quasi-TEM waves are propagated in asymmetric lines. A strip transmission line is characterized by its wave impedance (usually 50–150 ohms), which depends on the kind of dielectric and the geometric dimensions of the line, by the attenuation factor per unit length (usually 0.1–1.8 decibels/m), and by the frequency band (from 100 megahertz to 100 gigahertz).
Many components of microwave equipment, such as directional couplers (Figure 2,a), power dividers (Figure 2,b), electrical filters, and detecting and mixing wave-guide mounts, are based on strip transmission lines. Such lines are the only type of microwave transmission lines that permit the comprehensive miniaturization of electronic devices and the manufacture of microwave devices in an integrated design. Miniature lines known as microstrip lines are used in hybrid integrated circuits.
Among the advantages of strip transmission lines and various devices based on them is the possibility of automating their production through thin-film technology and of manufacturing, in separate operations with similar technology, printed circuits that feature low labor intensiveness, greater reliability, and
readily reproducible characteristics. Other advantages are the comparative simplicity of manufacturing certain devices using strip transmission lines, the possibility of precision work in manufacturing technologically intricate, functional assemblies, and the small size and low weight of strip transmission lines. Among the drawbacks are the inability of such lines to be used except when the microwave oscillations have low or medium power, the difficulty of tuning the frequency of devices with mechanical frequency control, and the complexity of measuring parameters.
REFERENCESKovalev, I. S. Teoriia i raschet poloskovykh volnovodov. Minsk, 1967.
Maloratskii, L. G., and L. R. Iavich. Proektirovanie i raschet SVCh elementov na poloskovykh liniiakh. Moscow, 1972.
Poloskovye linii i ustroistva sverkhvysokikh chastot. Kharkov, 1974. (Bibliography.)
E. G. BILYK