Stritch, Elaine

Stritch, Elaine,

1925–2014, American actress and singer, b. Detroit. Forthright and witty, with a raspy singing voice, she had a long career in show business, and numbers from the musicals she appeared in became signature songs, including "Zip" from RodgersRodgers, Richard Charles,
1902–79, American composer, b. New York City. Rodgers studied at Columbia and the Institute of Musical Art, New York City. He met both of his future collaborators, Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein 2d, while at Columbia.
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 and HartHart, Lorenz Milton,
1895–1943, American lyricist, b. New York City, studied at Columbia. Hart began collaborating with Richard Rodgers in 1919; their initial success was The Garrick Gaieties (1925).
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's Pal Joey (1952), "Why Do the Wrong People Travel" from Noël CowardCoward, Noël
(Sir Noël Pierce Coward) , 1899–1973, English playwright, actor, composer, and director, b. Teddington, England. Coward first gained wide prominence in 1924 acting in his The Vortex.
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's Sail Away (1961), and "The Ladies Who Lunch" from SondheimSondheim, Stephen Joshua
, 1930–, American composer and lyricist, b. New York City. As a young man, he studied lyric writing with Oscar Hammerstein 2d, and early in his career he wrote lyrics for Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story
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's Company (1970). She also won praise for her performances in IngeInge, William
, 1913–73, American playwright, b. Independence, Kans., grad. Univ. of Kansas, 1935. He was a teacher and newspaper critic before he won recognition as a dramatist.
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's Bus Stop (1955) and Sondheim's A Little Night Music (2010). Her one-woman show, Elaine Stritch at Liberty, won a Tony for its stage (2002) and an Emmy for its television (2004) versions, and made "I'm Still Here" from Sondheim's Follies her defiant own. Stritch also appeared in films, sang in cabaret shows, and had a recurring role in the sitcom Thirty Rock (2007–12).
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