Sergei Stroganov

(redirected from Stroganovs)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Stroganov, Sergei Grigor’evich


Born Nov. 8 (19), 1794; died Mar. 28 (Apr. 9), 1882, in St. Petersburg. Russian state and military figure. Count.

Stroganov was one of Russia’s major landowners, with 1.5 million desiatinas of land (1 desiatina = 2.7 acres) and more than 90,000 serfs. He fought in the Patriotic War of 1812 and in foreign campaigns in 1813 and 1814, as well as in the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–29 and the Crimean War (1853–56). Between 1826 and 1847, Stroganov was instrumental in changing the system of secondary and higher education in Russia to conform to narrowly class-oriented, reactionary principles. In 1856 he became a member of the State Council, and in 1859 and 1860 he was governor-general of Moscow. During the period preceding the abolition of serfdom, Stroganov sided with the conservative landowning opposition. In the 1860’s and 1870’s he supported the reactionary reforms of D. A. Tolstoi in the field of public education.

Stroganov was a well-known patron of the arts, collector, and archaeologist. In 1825 he founded a free art school, the Stroganov School. Between 1837 and 1874 he was chairman of the Moscow Society of History and Russian Antiquities. He founded the Archaeological Commission in 1859 and was its president for life.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
These icons were most likely commissioned by Dmitri Andreyevicha, a prominent member of the Stroganovs -- the extraordinarily successful Russian family of merchants, industrialists, landowners, and statesmen -- and were painted especially for him in the mid-1600s.
CLINTON --The Museum of Russian Icons has announced it has acquired a rare set of 10 Stroganov Studio calendar icons, or minyeia.
By contrast, in the Russian empire, many elites amassed fortunes on the periphery, like the Stroganovs in the salt and ore mines across the Urals, but their private armies never challenged the tsar.
A leisurely stroll along the Nevsky leads me past former palaces of the Stroganovs, Anichkovs, and Yusupovs.
In 1581, as Ivan IV's reign approached its end, the Stroganovs, a Russian family that had made a fortune in the fur trade, employed a Cossack named Yermak Timofievich (?
Ikony stroganovskikh votchin XVI-XVII vekov [Icons of the Votchina Lands of the Stroganov Family in the 16th-17th Centuries], ed.