Stuart, John Mcdouall

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Stuart, John McDouall,

1815–66, Scottish explorer in Australia. He emigrated (1838) to S Australia; there, as a draftsman, he joined Charles SturtSturt, Charles
, 1795–1869, English explorer and administrator in Australia, b. India. In 1827 he arrived in Sydney with a detachment of the British army. While in command of an expedition (1828–29) to find the source of the Macquarie, he discovered (1828) the
..... Click the link for more information.
's expedition (1844–45) to central Australia. Between 1858 and 1862 he led six expeditions from Adelaide and proved that there was much habitable country in areas about which discouraging reports had come from Sturt and other explorers. He was the first (1860) to reach the center of Australia; he climbed and named Mt. Sturt (later renamed Stuart). From 1860 he tried to cross the continent, and eventually he achieved his objective by reaching Van Diemen Gulf in 1862.


See biographies by M. S. Webster (1959) and I. Mudie (1968).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stuart, John Mcdouall


Born Sept. 7, 1815, in Dysart, Scotland; died June 5, 1866, in London. British explorer of Australia.

Stuart participated in C. Sturt’s expedition of 1844–46. Between 1858 and 1861, while trying with two companions to cross Australia from south to north, he reached Lake Woods (17°30’ S lat.); en route he discovered the Macdonnell Ranges and the Stuart Bluff Range in northern Australia. In 1862 he crossed the entire continent, from the Gulf of St. Vincent to Van Diemen Gulf.


Explorations in Australia: The Journal of John McDouall Stuart. London, 1864.


Svet, Ia. M. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?