Stuart, John Mcdouall


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Stuart, John McDouall,

1815–66, Scottish explorer in Australia. He emigrated (1838) to S Australia; there, as a draftsman, he joined Charles SturtSturt, Charles
, 1795–1869, English explorer and administrator in Australia, b. India. In 1827 he arrived in Sydney with a detachment of the British army. While in command of an expedition (1828–29) to find the source of the Macquarie, he discovered (1828) the
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's expedition (1844–45) to central Australia. Between 1858 and 1862 he led six expeditions from Adelaide and proved that there was much habitable country in areas about which discouraging reports had come from Sturt and other explorers. He was the first (1860) to reach the center of Australia; he climbed and named Mt. Sturt (later renamed Stuart). From 1860 he tried to cross the continent, and eventually he achieved his objective by reaching Van Diemen Gulf in 1862.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. S. Webster (1959) and I. Mudie (1968).

Stuart, John Mcdouall

 

Born Sept. 7, 1815, in Dysart, Scotland; died June 5, 1866, in London. British explorer of Australia.

Stuart participated in C. Sturt’s expedition of 1844–46. Between 1858 and 1861, while trying with two companions to cross Australia from south to north, he reached Lake Woods (17°30’ S lat.); en route he discovered the Macdonnell Ranges and the Stuart Bluff Range in northern Australia. In 1862 he crossed the entire continent, from the Gulf of St. Vincent to Van Diemen Gulf.

WORKS

Explorations in Australia: The Journal of John McDouall Stuart. London, 1864.

REFERENCE

Svet, Ia. M. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1966.
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