Stumpf, Carl

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stumpf, Carl


Born Apr. 21,1848, in Wiesentheid; died Dec. 25, 1936, in Berlin. German psychologist, idealist philosopher, and musicologist. Student of F. Brentano and R. H. Lotze.

Stumpf was a professor in Würzburg (1873), Prague (1879), Halle (1884), Munich (1889), and Berlin (1894–1921). He served as joint president with T. Lipps of the Third International Congress of Psychology (Munich, 1896). Stumpf was a pioneer in the empirical psychological study of musical perception (Tone Psychology, vols. 1–2, 1883–90) and was the author of The Psychological Origin of Space Perception (1873). He anticipated the main ideas of Gestalt psychology (W. Köhler was one of Stumpf s students). As a philosopher, Stumpf was a theorist of phenomenology. His ideas were the connecting link between Brentano and E. Husserl, who was Stumpf’s student in Halle. Stumpf founded the institute of psychology at Berlin University.


[Autobiography.] In Die deutsche Philosophic der Gegenwart in Selbstdarstellung, vol. 5. Leipzig, 1924. Pages 205–65.
Erkenntnislehre, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1939–40.
In Russian translation:
Iavleniia i psikhicheskie funktsii. In the collection Novye idei v filosofii, collection 4. St. Petersburg, 1913.
Dusha i telo. Ibid., collection 8.
Proiskhozhdenie muzyki. Leningrad, 1927.


Kuntsman, A. I. “Psikhologiia myshleniia F. Brentano, G. Ufuesa, E. Gusserlia i K. Shtumpfa.” In the collection Novye idei v filosofii, collection 16. St. Petersburg, 1914.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.