Sturgeon, William

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sturgeon, William

 

Born May 22, 1783, in Whittington, near Lancaster; died Dec. 4, 1850, in Prestwich, near Manchester. British inventor in the field of electrical engineering.

Sturgeon received no specialized education. He invented the soft-iron electromagnet in 1825. In 1830 he developed a process for producing amalgamated zinc plates for galvanic cells. In 1836 he designed a suspended-coil galvanometer. Sturgeon conducted research on atmospheric electricity and studied problems of lightning protection. In 1836 he founded the first British electrical engineering journal. Annals of Electricity.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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