Sturgis, Russell(stûr`jĭs), 1836–1909, American architect and writer, b. Baltimore co., Md., grad. College of the City of New York, 1856. He practiced architecture until 1880; the buildings he designed include the Flower Hospital in New York City and a chapel and several dormitories at Yale Univ. A leading authority on the history of architecture and art, Sturgis published many articles and gave lectures at universities and museums. He was first president (1895–97) of the Fine Arts Federation and president (1889–93) of the Architectural League of New York. His writings include European Architecture (1896), A Dictionary of Architecture and Building (3 vol., 1901–2), and History of Architecture (4 vol., 1906–15; Vol. III–IV completed after his death by A. L. Frothingham, Jr.).
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American architect who worked for Eidlitz before studying medieval style in Munich, Germany. He set up office in New York, and he designed Farnum Hall, Yale University (1870), New Haven, CT. He also designed the Farnum House (1884), New Haven, CT, in the Queen Anne style. He later compiled the important three volume Sturgis’ Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1902) and built up the collection in the Avery Library at Columbia University, NYC.
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Sturgis, Russell(1836–1909) architect, architectural critic; born in Baltimore, Md. He abandoned his architectural practice in 1880 after completing a series of buildings at Yale and became the foremost architectural critic of his day. In periodicals, books, encyclopedia articles and lectures, he championed Louis Sullivan and sparked a national awareness of art and architecture. His monumental four-volume History of Architecture (1906–15) was unfinished at his death.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.