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Related to Sturmabteilung: Schutzstaffel, Totenkopfverbände


Abbrev. for spherical aberration.



(Sturmabteilung; known in English as Storm Troopers), a paramilitary unit of the National Socialist Party in Germany from 1921 to 1945. The SA was an instrument of terror used against opponents of fascism.

After the fascists seized power in Germany in 1933, the SA was turned into an auxiliary police force; members of the organization were used as guards in the Nazi concentration camps and were responsible for some types of military and paramilitary training. In early 1934 there were more than 3 million members of the SA, mostly from petit bourgeois strata. On June 30, 1934, the fascist leadership, taking advantage of unrest within the SA caused by the failure to fulfill the promises made by the Nazi leaders to the petite bourgeoisie, liquidated the discontented members; those killed included E. Röhm and other leaders of the SA who tried to use the discontent of the rank and file to strengthen their own position. After the events of June 30, the SS (Schutzstaffel), which until then had been subordinate to the command of the SA, became a separate organization. The SA was outlawed after the defeat of German fascism in 1945.




The country code for Saudi Arabia.


(1) (Security Association) The establishment of a secure transmission session. It includes authentication and the negotiation of the method of encryption as well as the exchange of secret keys. See IKE.

(2) See selective availability and situation awareness.
References in periodicals archive ?
To accomplish his mission, Koch task organized his Sturmabteilung into four different assault groups, giving a name to each.
According to the "Bericht des Reichsministeriums," 6 and 9, Jager had been a member of the National Socialist Party since 1933, while Stange had joined the party on January 1, 1932 (with the early membership number 855 624), being also a member of the party's Sturmabteilung ("Storm Troopers").
The Sturmabteilung (SA), the brownshirted Nazi private army, made attempts in 1933 and 1934 to reintroduce the pillory and other shame sanctions, grabbing offenders and subjecting them to various kinds of medievalizing public humiliation.(133)
Internal party studies predicted the continued decline of the party, and the Sturmabteilung (SA) was losing members rapidly.
Some less legitimate use has been recorded also; the 1914 was a favorite of Hitler's infant Sturmabteilung (SA).
(53) This growth allowed Hitler to create his own paramilitary arm, the Sturmabteilung, or SA.
Patton (topped with his battle helmet), British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (wearing his original air-raid coverall, known as the "siren suit"), and Hitler (dressed in the brown Sturmabteilung (SA) shirt that American GIs took from his Munich apartment in April 1945).
As a young man in the nineteen thirties, Dickopf was a fully committed Nazi, a member of both the Sturmabteilung (Brown Shirts) and the SS.
Members of the commission also expressed fears that additional measures were needed to mitigate against the "dangers of the creation of [homosexual] cliques" within the highest levels of the government and military, recalling the "Eulenburg Affair," the scandal that, particularly in the years 1907-1909, had surrounded some of Wilhelm II's closest advisors, who were allegedly engaged in homosexual acts, and the violent suppression of the excesses of Ernst Rohm and his Sturmabteilung (SA) followers under the Nazis, and hinting at cold war fears that homosexuals might be easily blackmailed and thus become agents of the Soviet Union.
Storm trooper was a term for the Nazi state police, the Sturmabteilung or SA, and blitzkrieg - literally meaning 'lightning war' - was a method of warfare developed by German generals and used with great effect on the Russian front in World War II.
The Third Reich appears in the form of an exemplary travel guide of the Sturmabteilung (SA Nazi storm troopers) published in 1937, and we ramble through National Socialist Berlin, with some wartime travel guides illustrating the horrific juxtaposition of genocide and 'normal' tourism that nevertheless existed.