Su Shih

Su Shih:

see Su Tung-p'oSu Tung-p'o
, 1036–1101, Chinese poet. He was also called Su Shih. Born in present-day Sichuan prov., he was one of a literary family. Su occupied many official posts, rising to president of the board of rites (which regulated imperial ceremonies and worship).
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Su Shih

 

(also known as Su Tung-p’o). Born 1036, in the province of Szechwan; died 1101, in the city of Chang-chou. Chinese writer and political figure.

Su Shih took part in the political struggle that centered on plans for governmental reform. After opposing Wang An-shih, Su Shih spent the years 1079 through 1100 in prison and in exile.

Su Shih strongly influenced all the elevated literary genres of his time. Several thousand of his poems and prose works (mainly essays), remarkable for their expressiveness, have survived. His works include political, philosophical, and nature lyrics, as well as depictions of the people’s sufferings. Su Shih’s prose, which reflects the breadth of his interests, is lively and unaffected.

WORKS

Su Tung-p’o chi, vols. 1–3. Shanghai, 1958.
In Russian translation:
[“Stikhi.”] In Antologiia kitaiskoipoezii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1957.
[“Stikhotv. v proze.”] In Kitaiskaia klassicheskaia proza. Moscow, 1959.
Stikhi, melodii, poemy. Moscow, 1975.

REFERENCES

Lapina, Z. G. Politicheskaia bor’ba v srednevekovom Kitae (40–70 gg. XI v.). Moscow, 1970.
Golubev, I. S. “Obviniteli i zashchitniki poeta Su Shi.” Problemy Dal’nego Vostoka, 1973, no. 1.
Lin Yu-tang. The Gay Genius. New York, 1947.
Ling Ch’in-ju. Su Shih ssu-hsiang t’an-t’ao. Taipei, 1964.

V. F. SOROKIN

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References in periodicals archive ?
Written and illustrated by Demi, "Su Dongpu: Chinese Genius" is the picturebook story of a man named Su Shih in ancient China who as a boy began to write stories and versus expressing an admiration of the natural world.
Two sets of poems by Huang T'ing-chien written in 1086 in response to gifts of incense provide an index of his poetic techniques and an instructive contrast with the techniques of Su Shih.
Mei Yao-ch'en 143 Shao Yung 30 Ssu-ma Kuang 27 Wang An-shih 11 Su Ch'e 26 Chang Lei 34 Ch'en Shih-tao 16 Ou-yang Hsiu 10 Wen T'ung 22 Liu Ch'ang 11 Su Shih 117 Huang T'ing-chien 147 Ch'ao Pu-chih 12 Ch'ao Yueh-chih 57
One set of ten poems written in 1086 in response to a gift of incense provides an index of his poetic techniques; a second set written in connection with a similar gift stimulated a poetic exchange with Su Shih [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1037-1101) and offers us a fruitful contrast in style.
The six new pieces, all authored by Yeh, are "Ambiguity and the Female Voice in Hua-chien Songs," "On the Song Lyrics of Su Shih," "On Hsin Ch'i-chi's Song Lyrics," "Ch'en Tzu-lung and the Renascence of the Song Lyric," "Wang Kuo-wei's Character," and "An Interpretation of a Poem by Wang Kuo-wei.
The second volume contains eleven articles ("Immortality-Seeking in Early Chinese Poetry," "The Wang Ziqiao Stele," "Ts'ao Chih and the Immortals," "From Scepticism to Belief in Third-Century China," "The Cold Food Festival in Early Medieval China," "Songs for the Gods: The Poetry of Popular Religion in Fifth-centu ry China," "Une Fete chez Su Shih a Huang chou en 1082," "La Poesie de Ji Kang," "Folk Ballads and the Aristocracy," "Xie Lingyun et les paysans de Yongjia," and "The Image of the Merchant in Medieval Chinese Poetry") that appeared from 1980 to 1994.
Tan-chou was hardly civilized and Su Shih, then over sixty years old, suffered from a lack of food and medicine, poor housing, and the hot, humid weather.
55) Here Su Shih ingeniously puns on the word hsien (first), suggesting the term hsien-shou (first hand).
Let me begin about nine centuries ago, on the evening of the 12th of August 1082 (to be precise), one night after the full moon, when the great poet Su Shih went boating with friends on the Ch'ang Kiang outside Huang-chou in eastern Hupei.
Let us return, then, to Su Shih whom we left speaking of the consolation that comes from a combining or larger vision of ourselves and of the world we have been given.
In the autumn of 1079 the Sung dynasty official and poet Su Shih [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED] (1037-1101) stood trial for composing and disseminating writings that criticized Court policy and slandered government officials.
This report begins with the statement that the investigation of Su Shih was formally completed and sent to the throne on 25 December 1079.