Submachine Gun

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submachine gun

[¦səb·mə′shēn ‚gən]
A type of machine gun; a short-barreled shoulder firearm using pistol-type ammunition and capable of full automatic fire.

Submachine Gun


an individual automatic firearm. The submachine gun is designed to destroy enemy personnel in close battle, usually at distances of less than 200 m.

The first submachine guns, such as the Italian 1915 Revelli submachine gun and the German 1918 Bergmann, appeared during World War I and were more like standard machine guns. Submachine guns became widespread in World War II (1939–45) and were also called machine pistols. Submachine guns used in the Red Army were the PPD-40 designed by V. A. Degtiarev, the PPSh-41 of G. S. Shpagin, and the PPS-43 of A. I. Sudaev. The fascist German Army used 1938 and 1940 models (MR-38–40), the Americans used the M3, the British had the Sten, and the Finns had the Suomi. After the war, the old submachine-gun systems were replaced by new ones in the armed forces of the United States, Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, and other countries. After the war, the Soviet armed forces adopted the M. G. Kalashnikov submachine guns, which have more powerful shells and a sighting range of up to 1,000 m.

Basic parts and mechanisms of submachine guns include barrel, receiver, breechblock, trigger mechanism, recoil spring, sights, butt, safety catch, and magazine. Some submachine guns have muzzle brakes, or replenishers, to decrease recoil and stabilize the gun during firing. To reduce the length and make them easier to carry, most submachine guns have folding-type metal stocks. The design of submachine guns makes possible automatic fire and, in some models, single-shot fire. In most submachine guns the automatic feature is based on the principle of a blow-back bolt. Ammunition is fed by box or drum-type magazines. Submachine guns ordinarily fire in short bursts of three to five shots each.


References in periodicals archive ?
While some rifles and submachine guns were produced, it appears that handguns make up the bulk of the weapons made in local workshops.
On March 7, the Ministry of Interior announced an overhaul of the rules guiding which police forces could use which type of weapons, and the inclusion of the airport police on the list for submachine guns for the first time was part of that change, the Liberty Times reported.
"The Uzi Submachine Gun: Examined," by David Gaboury, Mowbray Publishing, 2017, 304 pages, hardcover.
The court said testimony by the prosecution's own witnesses showed that it was not the calamity fund that was used for the purchase of three Daewoo K2 submachine guns and 17 Daewoo K1 submachine guns but the city's general fund.
He also authored a number of books, Including Project 64--The MP5 Submachine Gun Story and Effective Handgun Defense.
Almost 51/2 million Russian PPSh41 (Pistolet Pulemet Shapgina 1941) submachine guns were produced during World War II.
You simply cannot do that with submachine guns. With my first--an MP40 9mm--after a few hundred rounds had been fired through it I got a big surprise.
Indeed it now does, specifically five vintage submachine guns fielded by Germany, Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States.
During search of the vehicle a huge cache of weapons including 4 submachine guns along with their 8 magazines and 1620 rounds, 12 light machine guns with 24 magazines and 18 pistols of 30 bore along with 49,500 bullets were recovered.
" Three weeks earlier he said he plans to buy 25,000 pistols, 9 mm Beretta and Glock brands, as well as 4000 Uzi submachine guns and 4000 AK-47's, which makes a total of 33,000 weapons
Small arms for urban combat; a review of modern handguns, submachine guns, personal defense weapons, carbines, assault rifles, sniper rifles, anti-materiel rifles, machine guns, combat shotguns, grenade launchers and other weapons systems.