PFC Robert Wiltshire walks along a section of road in An Najaf littered with golf ball-sized KB-1 submunitions
scattered when the Iraqi trucks carrying them were destroyed.
11) During that conflict, NATO forces dropped an estimated 1,600 cluster bombs, each containing between 147 and 202 submunitions
, on targets in Serbia and Kosovo.
On April 24, five boys were killed and two wounded by submunitions
from a cluster bomb near the village of Doganovic in southern Kosovo.
Human Rights Watch identified the munitions as from US-made BLU-63 antipersonnel/anti-materiel submunitions
and components of a CBU-58 cluster bomb.
The Tornado-G can fire rockets with improved range that are fitted with cluster warheads with self-guided multi-purpose submunitions
The widely banned bombs contain dozens of submunitions
, which sometimes do not explode, becoming de facto landmines that can kill or maim long after being dropped.
Most of the weapons found appeared to be two kinds of Soviet models, one of which releases 48 incendiary submunitions
over an area the size of a football field, the rights group said.
A cluster bomb can carry up to 650 submunitions
which are sprayed over a large area and designed to detonate on impact.
is a 1,000-pound dispenser that deploys 10 guided submunitions
, each equipped with antitank warheads.
Other developments were 30-mm depleted-uranium ammunition, submunition
dispensers producing uniform area coverage to compensate for delivery errors, and sensor-fuzed submunitions
that rotate to scan the ground as they fall.
are cleared to prevent further deaths or injuries from cluster
On the other hand, critics note that cluster munitions disperse their large numbers of submunitions
imprecisely over an extended area, that they frequently fail to detonate and are difficult to detect, and that the submunitions
can remain explosive hazards for decades.