subpoena

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subpoena

(səpē`nə) [Lat.,=under penalty], in law, an order to a witness to appear before a court. A subpoena ad testificandum [Lat.,= to testify under penalty], the technical term denoting an ordinary subpoena, is a command for an individual to appear at a particular time and place to testify on a specific matter. A subpoena duces tecum [Lat.,=bring with you under penalty] requires a witness to produce at trial books, personal papers, or other material relevant to a judicial proceeding. Failure to obey a subpoena constitutes contemptcontempt,
in law, interference with the functioning of a legislature or court. In its narrow and more usual sense, contempt refers to the despising of the authority, justice, or dignity of a court.
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 of court, though subpoenas can be challenged.
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subpoena

a writ issued by a court of justice requiring a person to appear before the court at a specified time
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Perceptions of Effectiveness of Proposed Initiatives(*) Top Four Initiatives with Strongest Agreement Average Score(**) Fraud and abuse data set with list of providers convicted of fraud 4.66 Witness protection 4.56 Mandatory revocation of professional's license 4.20 State false claims act 4.20 Lowest Four Initiatives with Weakest Agreement Average Score Mandatory jail time and stiff fines 3.60 Consumer hotline 3.21 Qui tam 3.10 State investigatory access to medical information without a subpeona 3.02 (*) Other initiatives included physician disclosure of ownership, civil seizure of assets, standardized claims form, treble damages plus penalties per claim, providers posting performance bond, provider background checks, statewide unit to coordinate investigation and prosecution activities.
FDA's Commissioner, and even some of his designees, would be empowered to subpeona confidential company records with little practical protection for trade secrets.
Often, however, an attorney for the opposing party either responds to a refusal with a subpoena duces tecum, or simply sends such a subpeona without a prior informal request.