colectomy

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colectomy

[kə′lek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Excision of all or a portion of the colon.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, it could be possible to resect all intussuscepted segments via subtotal colectomy in the present case.
The subtotal colectomy was for clostridium difficile colitis not responsive to antibiotics.
[7] report a 38-year old woman who survived cardiac arrest following prolonged CPR but had ischaemia and necrosis of the colon, requiring subtotal colectomy of the ascending, transverse and descending colon.
Over time, the concept of a one-stage resection with intraoperative colonic lavage and primary anastomosis evolved as a potential surgical alternative to subtotal colectomy. On-table colonic irrigation was first described by Muir in 1968.
Surgical intervention (such as subtotal colectomy, peritoneal fixation of the colon, hepatopexy) may required in patients with persistent pain, refractory ileus, colonic volvulus or bowel ischemia.[sup.7,8] Patients with mild and intermittent abdominal complaints, like our patient, can be treated with counselling, dietary recommendations (higher consumption of fibre, increased fluid intake) and antispasmodic agents to support the intestinal functions.
(11) Patients with severe CDI have a high mortality and clearly benefit from therapeutic strategies including the use of oral vancomycin (12) and early surgical intervention involving subtotal colectomy. (11) In this study, we attempted to identify laboratory markers that may aid in the early diagnosis of severe CDI in immunosuppressed individuals.
Until recent times, the single-stage operations like coloproctectomy, subtotal colectomy were treated as unsafe for patients due to significant shifts in homeostasis caused.
Subtotal colectomy with preservation of the rectum should be considered for severely ill patients with megacolon, sepsis, or bowel perforation.
Six developed toxic megacolon, and five required subtotal colectomy. Three had sepsis; three had acute renal failure; two had disseminated intravascular coagulation.
For those with CRC and HNPCC, subtotal colectomy is a consideration.
There are two commonly employed strategies for this approach: either segmental resection of the bowel containing the tumour followed by on table lavage of the upstream bowel prior to anastomosis; or else a subtotal colectomy is performed (in other words the tumour and all colon proximal to it is resected), and the terminal ileum is anastomosed to the colon or rectum downstream of the tumour.
"If your patient wants to have children and is active with colitis, what we're recommending is a subtotal colectomy with the standard temporary ileostomy.