Suburban Zone

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Suburban Zone

 

the territory surrounding a city, with close functional economic, public-health, architectural, and other types of ties and interdependencies with the city. The surburban zone serves various economic purposes and performs health functions for the urban population. The city is the place of work for some of the suburban population and serves as the main cultural center of the suburban zone.

The suburban zone is the site of suburbs, satellite cities, certain industrial enterprises, airports, railroad stations, and ports, as well as the city’s system of water supply, antipollution installations, warehouses, and trading depots. Part of the suburban land is used for agriculture, particularly to supply the city with fresh vegetables and livestock and poultry products. Industrial-agricultural complexes, hothouse farms, nurseries, agricultural experiment stations, and many other similar facilities are usually located in the area.

In the suburban zone the natural wealth— forests, wooded parks, rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water— is preserved and protected, and mass recreation areas are established.

Certain areas are allocated for summer cottages and gardens, sanatariums, houses of rest, boardinghouses, athletic health camps, and children’s camps. During the process of urbanization the suburban zone is the territorial reserve for development and growth of the city. Optimal use of the territory of the suburban zone requires that comprehensive master plans be drawn up for cities and their suburban zones. In the socialist countries this is achieved by regional planning of suburban zones.

REFERENCE

Khauke, M. O. Prigorodnaia zona bol’shogo goroda. Moscow, 1960.
Davidovich, V. G. Planirovka gorodov i raionov, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
“Rasselenie v prigorodnykh zonakh.” Moscow, 1971. (Voprosy geografii, collection 87.)
Pertsik, E. N. Raionnaia planirovka. Moscow, 1973.

S. A. KOVALEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In all, we have selected 12 clusters representing the three cities (see Appendix 1) (1): (1) city center; (2) working class zone adjacent to the city center; (3) residential zone of Soviet mass-produced housing; and (4) suburban zone. The minimum sample size in each cluster was the quota of 150 respondents.
My analysis shows that fully 80 per cent of Ford's votes came from the postwar suburban zone. Few parts of the city were competitive.
It may not be allowed in certain suburban zone districts that have height and density restrictions.
Suburban zone 2 is an area of rapidly expanding commercial and residential growth along the Interstate 75 corridor.
Place effects on suburban voters reveal less consistency across the three study regions, and the boundaries that divide the inner from outer suburbs remain fuzzy, though the cores of each suburban zone do reveal distinct proclivities, particularly an aversion to the NDP in the outer suburbs (in British Columbia residence in the outer suburbs is also independently associated with disproportionate support for the Canadian Alliance).
Four pilot schools in the suburban zone have been fitted with pedestrian signals and cycle tracks.
Since 1991 the dacha has been increasingly associated with the development of a suburban zone around Moscow and St.
The Inky's latest suburban zone strategy, led by Editor Walker Lundy, holds promise, but has only just begun.
In the suburban zone, the average spring water flow is somewhat higher - about 108 gpm - and the peak flow during a storm jumps to 450 gpm.
It makes eminent sense." Randy Chapman, vice president for marketing at Copley Chicago, says Hollinger is getting "a suburban presence in high quality demographics that they haven't had." Assuming the deal goes through, he says, Hollinger will get "the most dominant print medium in the collar counties," the suburban zone surrounding Cook County where Chicago is.