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city (1992 pop. 131,769), S central Bolivia, constitutional capital of Bolivia and capital of Chuquisaca dept. Since 1898, La Paz has been the administrative capital of Bolivia and the seat of the legislative and executive branches of government; Sucre is the seat of the judiciary. The city lies in a mountain valley on the eastern slope of the Andes at an altitude of c.8,500 ft (2,590 m). The climate is moderate. Sucre is a major agricultural center and supplies the mining communities of the barren altiplano. It also has an oil refinery and a cement plant. The city is the seat of the archbishopric, the supreme court, and the national university, San Francisco Xavier, which was founded c.1625 and specializes in law. Sucre was founded in 1538 and called La Plata; the city was also called Chuquisaca and Charcas. It was given its present name in 1839 in honor of the revolutionary leader Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
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. The revolt against Spanish rule began in Sucre in 1809.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the legal capital of Bolivia and capital of the department of Chuquisaca. Situated in the valley of the Pilcomayo River, on the slopes of the Cordillera Central, at an elevation of 2,700 m. Population, 85,000 (1970). Sucre has a tropical climate; the average January temperature is 12°C, and the average July temperature 9°C. Annual precipitation is 706 mm. Sucre, a highway junction, has a railroad station and an airport. The city has enterprises of the oil-refining, cement, woodworking, and food industries. There is a thermal power plant in the city.

Sucre was founded in 1538 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Anzurez, who named the city La Plata (Spanish, “silver”) because of silver deposits found in the area. Later the city was named Chuquisaca (Indian, choque-chaca [”silver mountain”]). On May 25,1809, an uprising in the city marked the beginning of the war for independence from Spain in Upper Peru (Bolivia’s name in the colonial period). In 1839 the city was named after A. J. de Sucre.

In the center of Sucre is the triangular Square of May 25, which includes a park, the Basilica Metropolitana (foundation laid 1571; structure completed 18th century), the Government Palace (1892), the Palace of the Legislative Assembly, various other government buildings, and a monument to A. J. de Sucre (1909). In the northern district, the Square of Liberty features the Obelisk of Liberty, a theater, and the Hospital of Santa Barbara. Colonial-period houses and 16th- and 17th-century churches have also been preserved.

Educational institutions in Sucre include a university, a higher pedagogical school, a polytechnic institute, an institute of oncology, a smallpox vaccination institute, the Sucre Medical Institute, and an institute of sociology. Prominent cultural institutions include the National Library and Archives of Bolivia, museums of anthropology and the fine arts, and the Charcas Colonial Museum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Antonio José de . 1795--1830, South American liberator, born in Venezuela, who assisted Bolivar in the colonial revolt against Spain; first president of Bolivia (1826--28)


the legal capital of Bolivia, in the south central part of the country in the E Andes: university (1624). Pop.: 231 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The combined therapy of APC and injection and Hemoclip may represent the best treating modality in controlling bleeding according to SUCRA ranking (Fig.2D).
Interestingly, we found the combined therapy (band ligation + HPC) had the highest value of SUCRA, which indicates that it could be recommend as the best option for having the low rebleeding rate.
Pamidronate combined with calcium and Vitamin D analogs had the highest SUCRA value (77%), then alendronate plus calcium and Vitamin D (64%), zoledronic acid and calcium (61%), alendronate and calcium (60%), ibandronate with calcium and Vitamin D analogs (59%), risedronate plus calcium and Vitamin D analogs (53%), ibandronate with calcium (48%), clodronate with calcium (42%), calcium plus Vitamin D analogs (35%), and calcium only (20%).
The SUCRA values for each of the treatment formulations were as follows: pamidronate with calcium (90%), pamidronate with calcium and Vitamin D analogs (82%), calcium plus Vitamin D analogs (80%), ibandronate with calcium (50%), alendronate plus calcium (46%), alendronate with calcium and Vitamin D analogs (27%), clodronate plus calcium (22%), and solely calcium (3%).{Figure 4}
Larger SUCRA means the drug has lower ranking (see Supplementary Figures 1(a) and 1(b)).
Table 3 showed the mean SUCRA values providing the hierarchy of 13 treatments on weight loss: EX10BID (98.30%), LIR1.8QD (78.89%), EX2QW (76.23%), EX5BID (75.02%), Met (63.32%), LIR1.2QD (58.44%), placebo (48.50%), LIR0.9QD (42.90%), sitagliptin (42.47%), LIR0.6QD (38.83%), insulin (12.86%), TZD (11.29%), and SU (3.02%), respectively.
The Norwegian ministry of trade and industry said on Wednesday (17 September) that it had signed an agreement to sell the state's remaining 34% holding in the wine and spirits importer, producer and distributor Arcus-Gruppen ASA to Sucra AS.
The NOK210m deal makes Arcus-Gruppen a wholly-owned subsidiary of the holding company Sucra.
The models, codes, software WinBUGS used in this study are freely available online.11 Surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) probabilities was performed to rank the five interventions for treating displaced proximal humeral fracture:12
SUCRA is a proportion, expressed as a percentage of the efficacy of an intervention on the outcome that would be ranked first without uncertainty, which equals 100% when the treatment is certain to be the best and 0% when it is certain to be the worst.12 Thus, the larger the SUCRA value, the better the rank of the treatment.