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city (1992 pop. 131,769), S central Bolivia, constitutional capital of Bolivia and capital of Chuquisaca dept. Since 1898, La Paz has been the administrative capital of Bolivia and the seat of the legislative and executive branches of government; Sucre is the seat of the judiciary. The city lies in a mountain valley on the eastern slope of the Andes at an altitude of c.8,500 ft (2,590 m). The climate is moderate. Sucre is a major agricultural center and supplies the mining communities of the barren altiplano. It also has an oil refinery and a cement plant. The city is the seat of the archbishopric, the supreme court, and the national university, San Francisco Xavier, which was founded c.1625 and specializes in law. Sucre was founded in 1538 and called La Plata; the city was also called Chuquisaca and Charcas. It was given its present name in 1839 in honor of the revolutionary leader Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
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. The revolt against Spanish rule began in Sucre in 1809.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the legal capital of Bolivia and capital of the department of Chuquisaca. Situated in the valley of the Pilcomayo River, on the slopes of the Cordillera Central, at an elevation of 2,700 m. Population, 85,000 (1970). Sucre has a tropical climate; the average January temperature is 12°C, and the average July temperature 9°C. Annual precipitation is 706 mm. Sucre, a highway junction, has a railroad station and an airport. The city has enterprises of the oil-refining, cement, woodworking, and food industries. There is a thermal power plant in the city.

Sucre was founded in 1538 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Anzurez, who named the city La Plata (Spanish, “silver”) because of silver deposits found in the area. Later the city was named Chuquisaca (Indian, choque-chaca [”silver mountain”]). On May 25,1809, an uprising in the city marked the beginning of the war for independence from Spain in Upper Peru (Bolivia’s name in the colonial period). In 1839 the city was named after A. J. de Sucre.

In the center of Sucre is the triangular Square of May 25, which includes a park, the Basilica Metropolitana (foundation laid 1571; structure completed 18th century), the Government Palace (1892), the Palace of the Legislative Assembly, various other government buildings, and a monument to A. J. de Sucre (1909). In the northern district, the Square of Liberty features the Obelisk of Liberty, a theater, and the Hospital of Santa Barbara. Colonial-period houses and 16th- and 17th-century churches have also been preserved.

Educational institutions in Sucre include a university, a higher pedagogical school, a polytechnic institute, an institute of oncology, a smallpox vaccination institute, the Sucre Medical Institute, and an institute of sociology. Prominent cultural institutions include the National Library and Archives of Bolivia, museums of anthropology and the fine arts, and the Charcas Colonial Museum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Antonio José de . 1795--1830, South American liberator, born in Venezuela, who assisted Bolivar in the colonial revolt against Spain; first president of Bolivia (1826--28)


the legal capital of Bolivia, in the south central part of the country in the E Andes: university (1624). Pop.: 231 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Jalq'a culture, near Sucre, Bolivia, a decorative half skirt (aqsu in Quechua) can contain a dense, miasmic stew of animals and mythic creatures, not organized in orderly bands, but all seemingly adrift in a continuous, open space.
Tradition and a sense of community are all woven into the textiles produced by the Jalq'a and Tarabuco peoples in the highland villages near Sucre, Bolivia. Caleb Bach details the use, motifs, design, and colors of the distinctively different weavings of these peoples, emphasizing how the production of these extraordinary textiles is central to the rhythm of their lives.
Equally significant were his years at Colegio Junin, the first secondary school in his hometown, established in 1826 by Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bolivia's first president.
A day before, on April 17, 1828, a Chuquisaca regiment had revolted against Sucre, Bolivia's first president, and he had dared to ride into the central court of the barracks to talk to the mutineers.