Fashoda Incident

(redirected from Sudan crisis)

Fashoda Incident

(fəshō`də), 1898, diplomatic dispute between France and Great Britain. Toward the end of the 19th cent., while Britain was seeking to establish a continuous strip of territory from Cape Town to Cairo, France desired to establish an overland route from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. To make good their claim the French dispatched (May 1, 1897) Major J. B. MarchandMarchand, Jean Baptiste
, 1863–1934, French explorer and general. Sent to Africa (1897) to establish French control of the headwaters of the White Nile, Marchand led a heroic trek through uncharted terrain.
..... Click the link for more information.
 with a small force from Brazzaville, in the face of a British warning. After crossing over 2,000 mi (3,200 km) of almost unexplored wilderness, Marchand reached (July 10, 1898) the village of Fashoda (now KodokKodok
, formerly Fashoda
, town, NE South Sudan, on the White Nile. In 1898 it was the scene of the Fashoda Incident, which brought Britain and France to the brink of war and resulted, in 1899, in an Anglo-French agreement establishing the frontier between Sudan and
..... Click the link for more information.
) on the Nile in the S Sudan (now in NE South Sudan). Beating off a Mahdist attack, he stopped there to await an expected Franco-Ethiopian expedition from the east. Meanwhile, Lord Kitchener's Anglo-Egyptian army had defeated (Sept. 2) the Mahdists in the N Sudan. When he heard of the French activities, Kitchener led forces upriver to Fashoda and, despite Marchand's presence, claimed (Sept. 19) the town for Egypt. The French government resisted for a time, but, fearing war, ordered its mission to withdraw on Nov. 3. In Mar., 1899, France yielded its claim to the upper Nile region and accepted part of the Sahara as compensation.
References in periodicals archive ?
He compared the South Sudan crisis to the ones in Syria and Yemen.
Only a full and timely implementation of the peace agreement and effective enforcement mechanism will deliver a comprehensive and lasting solution to the South Sudan crisis, further stressed the Council.
The minister indicated that the summit has focused on South Sudan crisis as a main issue and touched on the deterioration in this country and its impacts on the neighboring countries.
The European Commission will provide 78 million in emergency aid to help those affected by the South Sudan crisis both within the country and in the region.
BRUSSELS, Nov 11 (KUNA) -- The European Commission announced Friday that it will provide 78 million euro in emergency aid to help those affected by the South Sudan crisis both within the country and in the region.
Among the various continental hotspots that have cropped up on the summit s agenda, the Sudan crisis has taken centre stage.
President Obama's handling of the Sudan crisis is being watched around the globe, including the darkest corners where people without conscience may be planning the next mass atrocity.
Meanwhile Barack Obama, the US president, has invited the UN secretary-general to the White House next week, officials said on Friday, in which they are expected to discuss the Sudan crisis.
The Sudan crisis has had massive implications on consumer confidence, albeit from a relatively low-risk source and retailers and suppliers alike now face significant challenges to correct this,' he said.
The Bush administration should continue its leadership on the Sudan crisis and persuade council members to meet their obligations under the genocide treaty.
The Sudan crisis has forged alliances unseen since the antiapartheid movement in the 1980s among groups that often have little in common.
To give to the British Red Cross appeal, phone 08705 125 125, or send a cheque payable to: British Red Cross - Sudan Crisis Appeal, to: Sudan Crisis Appeal, British Red Cross, Freepost, London, SW1X 7BR.