Sudan grass


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Related to Sudan grass: Johnson grass

Sudan grass:

see sorghumsorghum,
tall, coarse annual (Sorghum bicolor) of the family Poaceae (grass family), somewhat similar in appearance to corn (but having the grain in a panicle rather than an ear) and used for much the same purposes.
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Sudan Grass

 

(Sorghum sudanense), also Sudan, an annual herbaceous plant of the family Gramineae. Sudan grass forms a bush of numerous leafy culms measuring 0.5 to 3 m in height; under optimum conditions there may be as many as 120 culms. The light-green leaves are lanceolate and smooth. The inflorescence is a branched panicle measuring about 40 cm long. The fruit is a grain.

Sudan grass grows wild in the Nile Valley of Africa. It is cultivated in Western Europe, North Africa, East Africa, India, North America (USA), South America, and Australia. In the USSR the plant is cultivated for forage (green mass, hay, silage); it is raised in Kazakhstan, the Altai Krai, the Far East, and the southern and southeastern regions of the European USSR.

Sudan grass grows well after grazing and mowing. The yield is up to 400 quintals per hectare (ha) of green mass, 50–80 quintals per ha of hay, and 8–13 quintals per ha of seeds. One hundred kg of hay contains 57 feed units and 7.4 kg of digestible protein. Sudan grass is used as an aftercrop and in mixed plantings with vetchling, soybeans, vetch, and sunflowers.

REFERENCES

Solov’ev, B. F. Sudanskaia trava. Moscow, 1960.
Odnoletnie kormovye kul’tury. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2013) Sudan grass was preferred since it is more tolerant to drought and high temperatures in summer.
The effect of the processing method of Sudan grass seeds on physiological variables is presented in table 1.
In the upper soil depth (0-0.2 m) the highest soil moisture (21.4 and 21.1%) was conserved by Sudan grass and sesame while the lowest (19.9 and 19.4%) was conserved by rice and sorghum correspondingly (Table 2).
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rhizobia isolated from adesmia native legumes (Adesmia latifolia) and serradella (Ornithopus micrantus) on the yield of four grasses of economic importance in the states of RS and SC: sudan grass (Shorghum sudanense L.
[24.] Widmer TL, Abawi GS (2000) Mech-anism of suppression of Meloicogyne haplaand its damage by a green manure of Sudan grass. Plant Dis 84: 562-68.
Representative samples of Sudan grass (collected from 4 different locations per paddock then composited into one) and grain supplements were collected at d 7, 14 and 21 and stored at -20[degrees]C until analysis for chemical and FA composition.
A similar study is taking place in Hartford, Conn., where students from Trinity College are growing Indian mustard, white mustard, Sudan grass and sunflowers.
"And we also have strips of Sudan grass." None of Warne Ranches is in CRP, but there's been as much as 1,000 acres at a time located on nearby properties.
For example, a farmer must decide between using a two row sudan grass or an eight row corn stalk barrier.
Islamabad -- Nine (09) Maize hybrids, four (04) Maize OPVs, 01 Millet variety (fodder), 01 millet hybrid (grain), 02 Oat verities and 01 sorghum sudan grass hybrid have been recommended for commercial cultivation in Pakistan by the Variety Evaluation Committee (VEC) on Maize, Sorghum, Millet, Fodder and other cereals in a meeting held at Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), Hqs, Islamabad
Sudan grass is one of the cereal forages with high yielding ability that gives up to four cuts during the growing season.

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