Sudan grass


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Related to Sudan grass: Johnson grass

Sudan grass:

see sorghumsorghum,
tall, coarse annual (Sorghum vulgare) of the family Poaceae (grass family), somewhat similar in appearance to corn (but having the grain in a panicle rather than an ear) and used for much the same purposes.
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Sudan Grass

 

(Sorghum sudanense), also Sudan, an annual herbaceous plant of the family Gramineae. Sudan grass forms a bush of numerous leafy culms measuring 0.5 to 3 m in height; under optimum conditions there may be as many as 120 culms. The light-green leaves are lanceolate and smooth. The inflorescence is a branched panicle measuring about 40 cm long. The fruit is a grain.

Sudan grass grows wild in the Nile Valley of Africa. It is cultivated in Western Europe, North Africa, East Africa, India, North America (USA), South America, and Australia. In the USSR the plant is cultivated for forage (green mass, hay, silage); it is raised in Kazakhstan, the Altai Krai, the Far East, and the southern and southeastern regions of the European USSR.

Sudan grass grows well after grazing and mowing. The yield is up to 400 quintals per hectare (ha) of green mass, 50–80 quintals per ha of hay, and 8–13 quintals per ha of seeds. One hundred kg of hay contains 57 feed units and 7.4 kg of digestible protein. Sudan grass is used as an aftercrop and in mixed plantings with vetchling, soybeans, vetch, and sunflowers.

REFERENCES

Solov’ev, B. F. Sudanskaia trava. Moscow, 1960.
Odnoletnie kormovye kul’tury. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
All cows grazed together on Sudan grass pasture ad libitum and were fed the treatment diets for 3 wks.
The results of tests show as most suitable energy plant maize, meanwhile other energy plants should be tested also (sunflower, clover grass, sudan grass, .
Guests are greeted by an old wagon full of bright pumpkins and a small herd of bison cows and calves weaving in and out of tall sudan grass.
For the cover crops in the study, Brennan, along with Mark Mason, T&N's pest control advisor, and Richard Smith, a local University of California Cooperative Extension agent, decided to plant Merced rye and Sudan grass.
where students from Trinity College are growing Indian mustard, white mustard, Sudan grass and sunflowers.
The water district also has established a farm, bearing corn and Sudan grass, on Las Virgenes Road, which it irrigates liberally.
Through this alliance, Winfield Solutions and Chromatin will collaborate to access and improve various types of forage sorghum, including traditional forage sorghum, sudan grass, sorghum-sudan grass hybrids and sweet sorghums.

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